Healing Arts Act

65-2801. Purpose.

Recognizing that the practice of the healing arts is a privilege granted by legislative authority and is not a natural right of individuals, it is deemed necessary as a matter of policy in the interests of public health, safety and welfare, to provide laws and provisions covering the granting of that privilege and its subsequent use, control and regulation to the end that the public shall be properly protected against unprofessional, improper, unauthorized and unqualified practice of the healing arts and from unprofessional conduct by persons licensed to practice under this act.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 1; July 1.

65-2802. Definitions.

For the purpose of this act the following definitions shall apply:

  1. The healing arts include any system, treatment, operation, diagnosis, prescription, or practice for the ascertainment, cure, relief, palliation, adjustment, or correction of any human disease, ailment, deformity, or injury, and includes specifically but not by way of limitation the practice of medicine and surgery; the practice of osteopathic medicine and surgery; and the practice of chiropractic.
  2. "Board" shall mean the state board of healing arts.
  3. "License" shall mean a license to practice the healing arts granted under this act.
  4. "Licensed" or "licensee" shall mean a person licensed under this act to practice medicine and surgery, osteopathic medicine and surgery or chiropractic.
  5. "Healing arts school" shall mean an academic institution which grants a doctor of chiropractic degree, doctor of medicine degree or doctor of osteopathy degree.
  6. Wherever the masculine gender is used it shall be construed to include the feminine, and the singular number shall include the plural when consistent with the intent of this act.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 2; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 1; L. 2007, ch. 42, § 1; July 1.

65-2803. License prerequisite to practice of the healing arts; exceptions; penalty.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person who is not licensed under the Kansas healing arts act or whose license has been revoked or suspended to engage in the practice of the healing arts as defined in the Kansas healing arts act.
  2. This section shall not apply to any person licensed by the board whose license was expired or lapsed and reinstated within a six month period pursuant to K.S.A. 65-2809 and amendments thereto.
  3. This section shall not apply to any health care provider who in good faith renders emergency care or assistance at the scene of an emergency or accident as authorized by K.S.A. 65-2891 and amendments thereto.
  4. Violation of this section is a class B misdemeanor.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 3; L. 1992, ch. 32, § 1; July 1.

65-2804. Attainment of legal age required prior to receiving permanent license.

No person shall receive a permanent license under this act until the person has furnished satisfactory evidence to the board that the person has attained legal age.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 4; L. 1969, ch. 299, § 1; L. 1972, ch. 231, § 7; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 2; L. 1983, ch. 213, § 6; July 1.

65-2805. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 5; Repealed, L. 1991, ch. 192, § 7; July 1.

65-2806. Form and type of license.

Every license to practice a branch of the healing arts shall be in the form of a certificate and of a type prescribed by the board.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 6; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 3; Feb. 13.

65-2807. License presumptive evidence of right to practice.

Every license issued under this act shall be presumptive evidence of the right of the holder to practice that branch of the healing arts and only such branch as is specified therein. The records of the board shall reflect the type of license issued to each applicant.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 7; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 4; Feb. 13.

65-2808. Filing names and records of applicants for examination; index; record of licenses issued; application forms; records open to public inspection.

The name, age, place of birth, current address, school, and date of graduation, and date of license, if one be issued, with rating or grades received, of all applicants for examination shall be filed in the office of the board, which office shall be located in the city of Topeka. The names of applicants shall be appropriately indexed, and all other records relating to that application or license granted shall be given the same designation. A suitable record shall also be kept of those granted licenses. Applications shall be upon forms prepared by the board, and completed applications shall be retained as a part of its permanent records. All applications based on licenses granted in other states shall be received upon forms prepared by the board and entered as near as may be in the same form as are those applying for examinations. In addition to the date of license, the length of time of practice in all other states shall be given and entered. All such records shall be open to public inspection under proper regulations adopted by the board.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 8; L. 1975, ch. 325, §1; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 5; Feb. 13.

65-2809. Expiration date of licenses; continuing education requirements; evidence licensee maintaining professional liability insurance; notice of expiration; fees; cancellation of license; reinstatement, when; exempt licensees; inactive license; federally active license.

  1. The license shall expire on the date established by rules and regulations of the board which may provide renewal throughout the year on a continuing basis. In each case in which a license is renewed for a period of time of more or less than 12 months, the board may prorate the amount of the fee established under K.S.A. 65-2852 and amendments thereto. The request for renewal shall be on a form provided by the board and shall be accompanied by the prescribed fee, which shall be paid not later than the expiration date of the license.
  2. Except as otherwise provided in this section, the board shall require every licensee in the active practice of the healing arts within the state to submit evidence of satisfactory completion of a program of continuing education required by the board. The requirements for continuing education for licensees of each branch of the healing arts shall be established by rules and regulations adopted by the board.
  3. The board, prior to renewal of a license, shall require the licensee, if in the active practice of the healing arts within the state, to submit to the board evidence satisfactory to the board that the licensee is maintaining a policy of professional liability insurance as required by K.S.A. 40-3402 and amendments thereto and has paid the premium surcharges as required by K.S.A. 40-3404 and amendments thereto.
  4. At least 30 days before the expiration of a licensee's license, the board shall notify the licensee of the expiration by mail addressed to the licensee's last mailing address as noted upon the office records. If the licensee fails to pay the renewal fee by the date of the expiration of the license, the licensee shall be given a second notice that the licensee's license has expired, that the license will be deemed canceled if not renewed within 30 days following the date of expiration, that upon receipt of the renewal fee and an additional fee established by rules and regulations of the board not to exceed $500 within the thirty-day period the license will not be canceled and that, if both fees are not received within the thirty-day period, the license shall be deemed canceled by operation of law and without further proceedings.
  5. Any license canceled for failure to renew may be reinstated within two years of cancellation upon recommendation of the board and upon payment of the renewal fees then due and upon proof of compliance with the continuing educational requirements established by the board by rules and regulations. Any person who has not been in the active practice of the branch of the healing arts for which reinstatement is sought or who has not been engaged in a formal educational program during the two years preceding the application for reinstatement may be required to complete such additional testing, training or education as the board may deem necessary to establish the licensee's present ability to practice with reasonable skill and safety.
  6. There is hereby created a designation of exempt license. The board is authorized to issue an exempt license to any licensee who makes written application for such license on a form provided by the board and remits the fee for an exempt license established pursuant to K.S.A. 65-2852 and amendments thereto. The board may issue an exempt license to a person who is not regularly engaged in the practice of the healing arts in Kansas and who does not hold oneself out to the public as being professionally engaged in such practice. An exempt license shall entitle the holder to all privileges attendant to the branch of the healing arts for which such license is issued. Each exempt license may be renewed subject to the provisions of this section. Each exempt licensee shall be subject to all provisions of the healing arts act, except as otherwise provided in this subsection (f). The holder of an exempt license shall not be required to submit evidence of satisfactory completion of a program of continuing education required by this section. Each exempt licensee may apply for a license to regularly engage in the practice of the appropriate branch of the healing arts upon filing a written application with the board. The request shall be on a form provided by the board and shall be accompanied by the license fee established pursuant to K.S.A. 65-2852 and amendments thereto. For the licensee whose license has been exempt for less than two years, the board shall adopt rules and regulations establishing appropriate continuing education requirements for exempt licensees to become licensed to regularly practice the healing arts within Kansas. Any licensee whose license has been exempt for more than two years and who has not been in the active practice of the healing arts or engaged in a formal educational program since the license has been exempt may be required to complete such additional testing, training or education as the board may deem necessary to establish the licensee's present ability to practice with reasonable skill and safety. Nothing in this subsection (f) shall be construed to prohibit a person holding an exempt license from serving as a coroner or as a paid employee of
    1. a local health department as defined by K.S.A. 65-241 and amendments thereto, or
    2. an indigent health care clinic as defined by K.S.A. 75-6102 and amendments thereto.
  7. There is hereby created a designation of inactive license. The board is authorized to issue an inactive license to any licensee who makes written application for such license on a form provided by the board and remits the fee for an inactive license established pursuant to K.S.A. 65-2852 and amendments thereto. The board may issue an inactive license only to a person who is not regularly engaged in the practice of the healing arts in Kansas, who does not hold oneself out to the public as being professionally engaged in such practice and who meets the definition of inactive health care provider as defined in K.S.A. 40-3401 and amendments thereto. An inactive license shall not entitle the holder to practice the healing arts in this state. Each inactive license may be renewed subject to the provisions of this section. Each inactive licensee shall be subject to all provisions of the healing arts act, except as otherwise provided in this subsection (g). The holder of an inactive license shall not be required to submit evidence of satisfactory completion of a program of continuing education required by K.S.A. 65-2809 and amendments thereto. Each inactive licensee may apply for a license to regularly engage in the practice of the appropriate branch of the healing arts upon filing a written application with the board. The request shall be on a form provided by the board and shall be accompanied by the license fee established pursuant to K.S.A. 65-2852 and amendments thereto. For those licensees whose license has been inactive for less than two years, the board shall adopt rules and regulations establishing appropriate continuing education requirements for inactive licensees to become licensed to regularly practice the healing arts within Kansas. Any licensee whose license has been inactive for more than two years and who has not been in the active practice of the healing arts or engaged in a formal education program since the licensee has been inactive may be required to complete such additional testing, training or education as the board may deem necessary to establish the licensee's present ability to practice with reasonable skill and safety.
  8.  
    1. There is hereby created a designation of federally active license. The board is authorized to issue a federally active license to any licensee who makes written application for such license on a form provided by the board and remits the same fee required for a license established under K.S.A. 65-2852 and amendments thereto. The board may issue a federally active license only to a person who meets all the requirements for a license to practice the healing arts in Kansas and who practices that branch of the healing arts solely in the course of employment or active duty in the United States government or any of its departments, bureaus or agencies. A person issued a federally active license may engage in limited practice outside of the course of federal employment consistent with the scope of practice of exempt licensees under subsection (f), except that the scope of practice of a federally active licensee shall be limited to the following:
      1. Performing administrative functions, including peer review, disability determinations, utilization review and expert opinions;
      2. providing direct patient care services gratuitously or providing supervision, direction or consultation for no compensation except that nothing in this subpart (1)(B) shall prohibit a person licensed to practice the healing arts issued a federally active license from receiving payment for subsistence allowances or actual and necessary expenses incurred in providing such services; and
      3. rendering professional services as a charitable health care provider as defined in K.S.A. 75-6102 and amendments thereto.
    2. The provisions of subsections (a), (b), (d) and (e) of this section relating to continuing education, expiration and renewal of a license shall be applicable to a federally active license issued under this subsection.
    3. A person who practices under a federally active license shall not be deemed to be rendering professional service as a health care provider in this state for purposes of K.S.A. 40-3402 and amendments thereto.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 9; L. 1966, ch. 35, § 1 (Budget Session); L. 1969, ch. 299, § 2; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 6; L. 1976, ch. 274, § 3; L. 1978, ch. 249, § 5; L. 1986, ch. 229, § 34; L. 1986, ch. 239,§ 1; L. 1987, ch. 242, § 2; L. 1988, ch. 250, § 1; L. 1991, ch. 192, § 1; L. 1992, ch. 253, § 2; L. 1993, ch. 29, § 1; L. 1995, ch. 82, § 1; L. 2000, ch. 141, § 1; L. 2005, ch. 97, § 1; July 1.

65-2810. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 10; Repealed, L. 1969, ch. 299, § 21; July 1.

65-2811. Issuance of temporary permits; postgraduate permits.

  1. The board may issue a temporary permit to practice the appropriate branch of the healing arts to any person who has made proper application for a license by endorsement, has the required qualifications for such license and has paid the prescribed fees, and such permit, when issued, shall authorize the person receiving the permit to practice within the limits of the permit until the license is issued or denied by the board, but no more than one such temporary permit shall be issued to any one person without the approval of 2/3 of the members of the board.
  2. The board may issue a postgraduate permit to practice the appropriate branch of the healing arts to any person who is engaged in a full time, approved postgraduate training program; has made proper application for such postgraduate permit upon forms approved by the board; meets all qualifications of licensure, except the examinations required under K.S.A. 65-2873 and amendments thereto and postgraduate training, as required by this act; has paid the prescribed fees established by the board for such postgraduate permit; has passed such examinations in the basic and clinical sciences approved under rules and regulations adopted by the board; and, if the person is a graduate of a foreign medical school, has passed an examination given by the educational commission for foreign medical graduates.
  3. The postgraduate permit issued under subsection (b) shall authorize the person receiving the permit to practice the appropriate branch of the healing arts in the postgraduate training program while continuously so engaged but shall not authorize the person receiving the permit to engage in the private practice of the healing arts.
  4. A postgraduate permit issued under subsection (b) shall be canceled if:
    1. The holder thereof ceases to be engaged in the postgraduate training program; or
    2. the holder thereof has engaged in the practice of the healing arts outside of the postgraduate training program.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 11; L. 1969, ch. 299, § 3; L. 1970, ch. 260, § 1; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 7; L. 1984, ch. 235, § 1; L. 1985, ch. 216, § 1; L. 1987, ch. 240, § 3; L. 1988, ch. 251, § 1; L. 1989, ch. 196, § 4; L. 1995, ch. 82, § 2; L. 2000, ch. 141, § 2; July 1.

65-2811a. Special permits; issuance; conditions and qualifications; limitations on practice; expiration of permit.

  1. The state board of healing arts may issue a special permit to practice the appropriate branch of the healing arts, under the supervision of a person licensed to practice such branch of the healing arts, to any person who has completed undergraduate training in a branch of the healing arts and who has not engaged in a full-time approved postgraduate training program.
  2. Such special permit shall be issued only to a person who:
    1. Has made proper application for such special permit upon forms approved by the state board of healing arts;
    2. meets all qualifications of licensure except examinations and postgraduate training, as required by the Kansas healing arts act;
    3. is not yet but will be engaged in a full-time, approved postgraduate training program in Kansas;
    4. has obtained the sponsorship of a person licensed to practice the branch of the healing arts in which the applicant is training, which sponsor practices in an area of Kansas which is determined under K.S.A. 76-375 and amendments thereto to be medically underserved; and
    5. has paid the prescribed fees as established by the state board of healing arts for the application for and granting of such special permit.
  3. The special permit, when issued, shall authorize the person to whom the special permit is issued to practice the branch of the healing arts in which such person is training under the supervision of the person licensed to practice that branch of the healing arts who has agreed to sponsor such special permit holder. The special permit shall not authorize the person holding the special permit to engage in the private practice of the healing arts. The holder of a special permit under this section shall not charge patients a fee for services rendered but may be compensated directly by the person under whose supervision and sponsorship the permit holder is practicing. The special permit shall expire on the day the person holding the special permit becomes engaged in a full-time, approved postgraduate training program or one year from its date of issuance, whichever occurs first.
  4. This section shall be part of and supplemental to the Kansas healing arts act.

History: L. 1978, ch. 249, § 4; L. 1987, ch. 239, § 2; L. 1987, ch. 240, § 4; L. 2002, ch. 103, § 5; July 1.

65-2812. State board of healing arts; membership; appointment.

For the purpose of administering the provisions of this act, the governor shall appoint a state board of healing arts consisting of 15 members. At least 30 days before the expiration of any term, other than that of the member appointed from the general public and the licensed podiatrist member of the board, the professional society or association shall submit to the governor a list of three or more names of persons of recognized ability who have the qualifications prescribed for board members for each member of the board who will be appointed from its branch of the healing arts. The governor shall consider the list of persons in making the appointment to the board. In case of a vacancy on the board, other than that of the member appointed from the general public and the licensed podiatrist member of the board, prior to the expiration of a term of office, the governor shall appoint a qualified successor to fill the unexpired term, and in making the appointment the governor shall give consideration to the list of persons last submitted to the governor.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 12; L. 1969, ch. 299, § 4; L. 1975, ch. 325, § 2; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 8; L. 1978, ch. 308, § 51; L. 1982, ch. 347, § 25; L. 1986, ch. 229, § 35; L. 1988, ch. 246, § 16; L. 1992, ch. 116, § 30; July 1.

65-2813. State board of healing arts; qualifications of members.

Five members of the board shall hold a degree of doctor of medicine from an accredited medical school and shall be residents of and have been actively engaged in the practice of medicine and surgery in the state of Kansas under license issued in this state, for a period of at least six consecutive years immediately preceding their appointment; three members shall hold a degree of doctor of osteopathy from an accredited school of osteopathic medicine and surgery and shall be residents of and have been actively engaged in the practice of osteopathic medicine and surgery in the state of Kansas under license issued in this state, for a period of at least six consecutive years immediately preceding their appointment; three members shall hold a degree of doctor of chiropractic from an accredited school of chiropractic and shall be residents of and have been actively engaged in the practice of chiropractic in the state of Kansas under license issued in this state, for a period of at least six consecutive years immediately preceding their appointment; one member shall be a licensed podiatrist and shall be a resident of and have been actively engaged in the practice of podiatry in the state of Kansas under license issued in this state for a period of at least six consecutive years immediately preceding appointment; and three members shall be appointed to represent the general public of this state. Subject to the provisions of K.S.A. 1992 Supp. 75-4315c, no two of the members representing the general public shall be from the same United States congressional district. No member representing the general public shall be the spouse of a licensee of the healing arts or a person or the spouse of a person who has a financial interest in any person's practice of the healing arts.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 13; L. 1969, ch. 299, § 5; L. 1975, ch. 325, § 3; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 9; L. 1986, ch. 229, § 36; L. 1988, ch. 246, § 17; L. 1992, ch. 262, § 5; July 1.

65-2814. Same; terms of members; vacancies.

Whenever a vacancy occurs in the membership of the board, the governor shall appoint a successor of like qualifications. All appointments made shall be for a term of four years, but no member shall be appointed for more than three successive four-year terms. Each member shall serve until a successor is appointed and qualified. Whenever a vacancy occurs in the membership of the board for any reason other than the expiration of a member's term of office, the governor shall appoint a successor of like qualifications to fill the unexpired term.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 14; L. 1969, ch. 299, § 6; L. 1970, ch. 260, § 2; L. 1975, ch. 325, § 4; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 10; L. 1986, ch. 229, § 37; L. 1987, ch. 240, § 5; Jan. 1, 1988.

65-2815, 65-2816. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, §§ 15, 16; Repealed, L. 1969, ch. 299, § 21; July 1.

65-2817. Same; removal from office by governor, when.

The governor shall have the power to remove from office at any time any member of the board for continued neglect of duty, for incompetency, or for unprofessional conduct as that term is defined in this act.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 17; July 1.

65-2818. Same; annual election of officers; powers and duties; position of secretary of board abolished.

  1. The board shall organize annually at its first meeting subsequent to July 1 and shall select a president and vice-president from its own membership. The president and vice-president shall have the power to administer oaths pertaining to the business of the board.
  2. The position of secretary of the state board of healing arts is hereby abolished. Whenever the secretary of the state board of healing arts, or words of like effect, is referred to or designated by a statute, contract or other document, such reference or designation shall be deemed to apply to the president of the board.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 18; L. 1987, ch. 240, § 6; Jan. 1, 1988.

65-2819. Same; seal; rules; oath; meetings.

The board shall have a common seal and shall formulate rules to govern its actions. Each member of the board shall take and subscribe the oaths prescribed by law for state officers. The board shall hold an annual meeting and such additional meetings as the board may designate.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 19; July 1.

65-2820. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 20; Repealed, L. 1967, ch. 434, § 69; July 1.

65-2821. Same; filing oaths.

The oaths provided for herein shall be filed in the office of the secretary of state.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 21; L. 1967, ch. 434, § 18; July 1.

65-2822. Same; quorum.

Eight members shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 22; L. 1986, ch. 229, § 38; July 1.

65-2823. Same; compensation and expenses of members.

Members of the board attending meetings of such board, or attending a subcommittee meeting thereof authorized by the board, shall be paid compensation, subsistence allowances, mileage and other expenses as provided in K.S.A. 75-3223 and amendments thereto.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 23; L. 1969, ch. 299, § 7; L. 1974, ch. 348, § 27; L. 1987, ch. 240, § 7; Jan. 1, 1988.

65-2824. Application for examination, contests; fees; documents and affidavits.

Any person desiring to take the examination for a license hereunder shall make application to the board on a form provided by the board and sworn to by the applicant. Such application shall specify that branch of the healing arts in which the applicant desires to be examined and shall be accompanied by the prescribed examination fee and such documents and affidavits as are necessary to show the eligibility of the candidate to take such examination. All applications shall be filed in the form, within the time, and in accordance with the rules of the board.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 24; July 1.

65-2825. Accredited schools; list.

The board shall prepare and keep up to date a list of accredited healing arts schools, but no school shall be accredited without the formal action of the board. Any such school whose graduates or students desire to take the examination in this state shall supply the board with the necessary data to allow it to determine whether such school should be accredited.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 25; July 1.

65-2826. Where and when examinations held.

The sessions for the purpose of giving examinations shall be held at such times and places as the board may fix and not to exceed four in any one year.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 26; July 1.

65-2827. List of eligible applicants prior to examinations.

Prior to each examination the board shall prepare a list of applicants who are eligible to take the examination.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 27; July 1.

65-2828. Rules and regulations designating examinations and passing grade; reexamination.

  1. The board shall adopt rules and regulations designating the examinations required under K.S.A. 65-2873 and amendments thereto and the passing grade on each examination.
  2. Any applicant who fails any examination required under K.S.A. 65-2873 and amendments thereto may have a reexamination in accordance with criteria established by rules and regulations of the board, which criteria may limit the number of times an applicant may retake the examination until the applicant has submitted evidence acceptable to the board of further professional study.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 28; L. 1978, ch. 249, § 1; L. 1995, ch. 82, § 3; July 1.

65-2829. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 29; Repealed, L. 1995, ch. 82, § 8; July 1.

65-2830. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 30; L. 1969, ch. 299, § 8; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 11; Repealed, L. 1989, ch. 196, § 5; July 1.

65-2831. Issuance of license; record.

After each examination the board shall issue a proper license to successful candidates, and make the required entry.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 31; July 1.

65-2832. Preservation of examination results; availability.

The results of any examination for a license shall be preserved for two (2) years. During this time the results of an examination shall be available to the applicant or the duly authorized representative of the applicant under regulations prescribed by the board.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 32; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 12; L. 1978, ch. 249, § 2; Feb. 14.

65-2833. Endorsement licenses; requirements.

The board, without examination, may issue a license to a person who has been in the active practice of a branch of the healing arts in some other state, territory, the District of Columbia or other country upon certificate of the proper licensing authority of that state, territory, District of Columbia or other country certifying that the applicant is duly licensed, that the applicant's license has never been limited, suspended or revoked, that the licensee has never been censured or had other disciplinary action taken and that, so far as the records of such authority are concerned, the applicant is entitled to its endorsement. The applicant shall also present proof satisfactory to the board:

  1. That the state, territory, District of Columbia or country in which the applicant last practiced has and maintains standards at least equal to those maintained by Kansas.
  2. That the applicant's original license was based upon an examination at least equal in quality to the examination required in this state and that the passing grade required to obtain such original license was comparable to that required in this state.
  3. Of the date of the applicant's original and any and all endorsed licenses and the date and place from which any license was attained.
  4. That the applicant has been actively engaged in practice under such license or licenses since issued, and if not, fix the time when and reason why the applicant was out of practice.
  5. That the applicant has a reasonable ability to communicate in English.

An applicant for endorsement registration shall not be licensed unless the applicant's individual qualifications meet the Kansas legal requirements.

In lieu of any other requirement prescribed by law for satisfactory passage of any examination in any branch of the healing arts the board may accept evidence satisfactory to it that the applicant or licensee has satisfactorily passed an equivalent examination given by a national board of examiners in chiropractic, osteopathic medicine and surgery or medicine and surgery as now required by Kansas statutes for endorsement from other states.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 33; L. 1965, ch. 382, § 9; L. 1969, ch. 299, § 9; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 13; L. 1979, ch. 198, § 1; L. 1986, ch. 229, § 40; July 1.

65-2834. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 34; Repealed, L. 1979, ch. 198, § 11; July 1.

65-2835. Certificate of standing; application; fee.

Any licensee shall receive, upon application to the board and the payment of the required fee, a certified statement that the licensee is a duly licensed practitioner in the branch of the healing arts for which he or she is licensed in this state.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 35; L. 1979, ch. 198, § 2; July 1.

65-2836. Revocation, suspension, limitation or denial of licenses; censure of licensee; grounds; consent to submit to mental or physical examination or drug screen, or any combination thereof, implied.

A licensee's license may be revoked, suspended or limited, or the licensee may be publicly or privately censured or placed under probationary conditions, or an application for a license or for reinstatement of a license may be denied upon a finding of the existence of any of the following grounds:

  1. The licensee has committed fraud or misrepresentation in applying for or securing an original, renewal or reinstated license.
  2. The licensee has committed an act of unprofessional or dishonorable conduct or professional incompetency, except that the board may take appropriate disciplinary action or enter into a non-disciplinary resolution when a licensee has engaged in any conduct or professional practice on a single occasion that, if continued, would reasonably be expected to constitute an inability to practice the healing arts with reasonable skill and safety to patients or unprofessional conduct as defined in K.S.A. 65-2837, and amendments thereto.
  3. The licensee has been convicted of a felony or class A misdemeanor, whether or not related to the practice of the healing arts. The board shall revoke a licensee's license following conviction of a felony occurring after July 1, 2000, unless a 2/3 majority of the board members present and voting determine by clear and convincing evidence that such licensee will not pose a threat to the public in such person's capacity as a licensee and that such person has been sufficiently rehabilitated to warrant the public trust. In the case of a person who has been convicted of a felony and who applies for an original license or to reinstate a canceled license, the application for a license shall be denied unless a 2/3 majority of the board members present and voting on such application determine by clear and convincing evidence that such person will not pose a threat to the public in such person's capacity as a licensee and that such person has been sufficiently rehabilitated to warrant the public trust.
  4. The licensee has used fraudulent or false advertisements.
  5. The licensee is addicted to or has distributed intoxicating liquors or drugs for any other than lawful purposes.
  6. The licensee has willfully or repeatedly violated this act, the pharmacy act of the state of Kansas or the uniform controlled substances act, or any rules and regulations adopted pursuant thereto, or any rules and regulations of the secretary of health and environment which are relevant to the practice of the healing arts.
  7. The licensee has unlawfully invaded the field of practice of any branch of the healing arts in which the licensee is not licensed to practice.
  8. The licensee has engaged in the practice of the healing arts under a false or assumed name, or the impersonation of another practitioner. The provisions of this subsection relating to an assumed name shall not apply to licensees practicing under a professional corporation or other legal entity duly authorized to provide such professional services in the state of Kansas.
  9. The licensee has the inability to practice the healing arts with reasonable skill and safety to patients by reason of physical or mental illness, or condition or use of alcohol, drugs or controlled substances. In determining whether or not such inability exists, the board, upon reasonable suspicion of such inability, shall have authority to compel a licensee to submit to mental or physical examination or drug screen, or any combination thereof, by such persons as the board may designate either in the course of an investigation or a disciplinary proceeding. To determine whether reasonable suspicion of such inability exists, the investigative information shall be presented to the board as a whole, to a review committee of professional peers of the licensee established pursuant to K.S.A. 65-2840c, and amendments thereto, or to a committee consisting of the officers of the board elected pursuant to K.S.A. 65-2818, and amendments thereto, and the executive director appointed pursuant to K.S.A. 65-2878, and amendments thereto, or to a presiding officer authorized pursuant to K.S.A. 77-514, and amendments thereto. The determination shall be made by a majority vote of the entity which reviewed the investigative information. Information submitted to the board as a whole or a review committee of peers or a committee of the officers and executive director of the board and all reports, findings and other records shall be confidential and not subject to discovery by or release to any person or entity. The licensee shall submit to the board a release of information authorizing the board to obtain a report of such examination or drug screen, or both. A person affected by this subsection shall be offered, at reasonable intervals, an opportunity to demonstrate that such person can resume the competent practice of the healing arts with reasonable skill and safety to patients. For the purpose of this subsection, every person licensed to practice the healing arts and who shall accept the privilege to practice the healing arts in this state by so practicing or by the making and filing of a renewal to practice the healing arts in this state shall be deemed to have consented to submit to a mental or physical examination or a drug screen, or any combination thereof, when directed in writing by the board and further to have waived all objections to the admissibility of the testimony, drug screen or examination report of the person conducting such examination or drug screen, or both, at any proceeding or hearing before the board on the ground that such testimony or examination or drug screen report constitutes a privileged communication. In any proceeding by the board pursuant to the provisions of this subsection, the record of such board proceedings involving the mental and physical examination or drug screen, or any combination thereof, shall not be used in any other administrative or judicial proceeding.
  10. The licensee has had a license to practice the healing arts revoked, suspended or limited, has been censured or has had other disciplinary action taken, or an application for a license denied, by the proper licensing authority of another state, territory, District of Columbia, or other country, a certified copy of the record of the action of the other jurisdiction being conclusive evidence thereof.
  11. The licensee has violated any lawful rule and regulation promulgated by the board or violated any lawful order or directive of the board previously entered by the board.
  12. The licensee has failed to report or reveal the knowledge required to be reported or revealed under K.S.A. 65-28,122, and amendments thereto.
  13. The licensee, if licensed to practice medicine and surgery, has failed to inform in writing a patient suffering from any form of abnormality of the breast tissue for which surgery is a recommended form of treatment, of alternative methods of treatment recognized by licensees of the same profession in the same or similar communities as being acceptable under like conditions and circumstances.
  14. The licensee has cheated on or attempted to subvert the validity of the examination for a license.
  15. The licensee has been found to be mentally ill, disabled, not guilty by reason of insanity, not guilty because the licensee suffers from a mental disease or defect or incompetent to stand trial by a court of competent jurisdiction.
  16. The licensee has prescribed, sold, administered, distributed or given a controlled substance to any person for other than medically accepted or lawful purposes.
  17. The licensee has violated a federal law or regulation relating to controlled substances.
  18. The licensee has failed to furnish the board, or its investigators or representatives, any information legally requested by the board.
  19. Sanctions or disciplinary actions have been taken against the licensee by a peer review committee, health care facility, a governmental agency or department or a professional association or society for acts or conduct similar to acts or conduct which would constitute grounds for disciplinary action under this section.
  20. The licensee has failed to report to the board any adverse action taken against the licensee by another state or licensing jurisdiction, a peer review body, a health care facility, a professional association or society, a governmental agency, by a law enforcement agency or a court for acts or conduct similar to acts or conduct which would constitute grounds for disciplinary action under this section.
  21. The licensee has surrendered a license or authorization to practice the healing arts in another state or jurisdiction, has surrendered the authority to utilize controlled substances issued by any state or federal agency, has agreed to a limitation to or restriction of privileges at any medical care facility or has surrendered the licensee's membership on any professional staff or in any professional association or society while under investigation for acts or conduct similar to acts or conduct which would constitute grounds for disciplinary action under this section.
  22. The licensee has failed to report to the board surrender of the licensee's license or authorization to practice the healing arts in another state or jurisdiction or surrender of the licensee's membership on any professional staff or in any professional association or society while under investigation for acts or conduct similar to acts or conduct which would constitute grounds for disciplinary action under this section.
  23. The licensee has an adverse judgment, award or settlement against the licensee resulting from a medical liability claim related to acts or conduct similar to acts or conduct which would constitute grounds for disciplinary action under this section.
  24. The licensee has failed to report to the board any adverse judgment, settlement or award against the licensee resulting from a medical malpractice liability claim related to acts or conduct similar to acts or conduct which would constitute grounds for disciplinary action under this section.
  25. The licensee has failed to maintain a policy of professional liability insurance as required by K.S.A. 40-3402 or 40-3403a, and amendments thereto.
  26. The licensee has failed to pay the premium surcharges as required by K.S.A. 40-3404, and amendments thereto.
  27. The licensee has knowingly submitted any misleading, deceptive, untrue or fraudulent representation on a claim form, bill or statement.
  28. The licensee as the responsible physician for a physician assistant has failed to adequately direct and supervise the physician assistant in accordance with the physician assistant licensure act or rules and regulations adopted under such act.
  29. The licensee has assisted suicide in violation of K.S.A. 21-3406, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2011 Supp. 21-5407, and amendments thereto, as established by any of the following:
    1. A copy of the record of criminal conviction or plea of guilty for a felony in violation of K.S.A. 21-3406, prior to its repeal, or K.S.A. 2011 Supp. 21-5407, and amendments thereto.
    2. A copy of the record of a judgment of contempt of court for violating an injunction issued under K.S.A. 60-4404, and amendments thereto.
    3. A copy of the record of a judgment assessing damages under K.S.A. 60-4405, and amendments thereto.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 36; L. 1969, ch. 299, § 10; L. 1972, ch. 231, § 8; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 14; L. 1976, ch. 275, § 1; L. 1979, ch. 198, § 3; L. 1983, ch. 214, § 1; L. 1983, ch. 213, § 7; L. 1984, ch. 236, § 1; L. 1986, ch. 234, § 5; L. 1986, ch. 229, § 41; L. 1986, ch. 239,§ 2; L. 1987, ch. 176, § 5; L. 1987, ch. 239, § 3; L. 1987, ch. 242, § 3; L. 1989, ch. 196, § 1; L. 1991, ch. 192, § 2; L. 1995, ch. 251, § 36; L. 1998, ch. 142, § 12; L. 2000, ch. 141, § 5; L. 2001, ch. 31, § 2; L. 2008, ch. 154, § 6; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 241; July 1.

65-2836a. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 36; L. 1969, ch. 299, § 10; L. 1972, ch. 231, § 8; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 14; L. 1976, ch. 275, § 1; L. 1979, ch. 198, § 3; L. 1983, ch. 214, § 1; L. 1983, ch. 213, § 7; L. 1984, ch. 236, § 1; L. 1986, ch. 234, § 5; L. 1986, ch. 229, § 41; L. 1986, ch. 239, § 2; L. 1987, ch. 176, § 5; L. 1987, ch. 239, § 3; L. 1987, ch. 242, § 3; L. 1989, ch. 196, § 1; L. 1991, ch. 192, § 2; L. 1995, ch. 251, § 36; L. 1998, ch. 142, § 12; L. 2000, ch. 162, § 19; Repealed, L. 2001, ch. 31, § 5; July 1.

65-2837. Definitions.

As used in K.S.A. 65-2836, and amendments thereto, and in this section:

  1. "Professional incompetency" means:
    1. One or more instances involving failure to adhere to the applicable standard of care to a degree which constitutes gross negligence, as determined by the board.
    2. Repeated instances involving failure to adhere to the applicable standard of care to a degree which constitutes ordinary negligence, as determined by the board.
    3. A pattern of practice or other behavior which demonstrates a manifest incapacity or incompetence to practice the healing arts.
  2. "Unprofessional conduct" means:
    1. Solicitation of professional patronage through the use of fraudulent or false advertisements, or profiting by the acts of those representing themselves to be agents of the licensee.
    2. Representing to a patient that a manifestly incurable disease, condition or injury can be permanently cured.
    3. Assisting in the care or treatment of a patient without the consent of the patient, the attending physician or the patient's legal representatives.
    4. The use of any letters, words, or terms, as an affix, on stationery, in advertisements, or otherwise indicating that such person is entitled to practice a branch of the healing arts for which such person is not licensed.
    5. Performing, procuring or aiding and abetting in the performance or procurement of a criminal abortion.
    6. Willful betrayal of confidential information.
    7. Advertising professional superiority or the performance of professional services in a superior manner.
    8. Advertising to guarantee any professional service or to perform any operation painlessly.
    9. Participating in any action as a staff member of a medical care facility which is designed to exclude or which results in the exclusion of any person licensed to practice medicine and surgery from the medical staff of a nonprofit medical care facility licensed in this state because of the branch of the healing arts practiced by such person or without just cause.
    10. Failure to effectuate the declaration of a qualified patient as provided in subsection (a) of K.S.A. 65-28,107, and amendments thereto.
    11. Prescribing, ordering, dispensing, administering, selling, supplying or giving any amphetamines or sympathomimetic amines, except as authorized by K.S.A. 65-2837a, and amendments thereto.
    12. Conduct likely to deceive, defraud or harm the public.
    13. Making a false or misleading statement regarding the licensee's skill or the efficacy or value of the drug, treatment or remedy prescribed by the licensee or at the licensee's direction in the treatment of any disease or other condition of the body or mind.
    14. Aiding or abetting the practice of the healing arts by an unlicensed, incompetent or impaired person.
    15. Allowing another person or organization to use the licensee's license to practice the healing arts.
    16. Commission of any act of sexual abuse, misconduct or other improper sexual contact, which exploits the licensee-patient relationship, with a patient or a person responsible for health care decisions concerning such patient.
    17. The use of any false, fraudulent or deceptive statement in any document connected with the practice of the healing arts including the intentional falsifying or fraudulent altering of a patient or medical care facility record.
    18. Obtaining any fee by fraud, deceit or misrepresentation.
    19. Directly or indirectly giving or receiving any fee, commission, rebate or other compensation for professional services not actually and personally rendered, other than through the legal functioning of lawful professional partnerships, corporations or associations.
    20. Failure to transfer patient records to another licensee when requested to do so by the subject patient or by such patient's legally designated representative.
    21. Performing unnecessary tests, examinations or services which have no legitimate medical purpose.
    22. Charging an excessive fee for services rendered.
    23. Prescribing, dispensing, administering or distributing a prescription drug or substance, including a controlled substance, in an improper or inappropriate manner, or for other than a valid medical purpose, or not in the course of the licensee's professional practice.
    24. Repeated failure to practice healing arts with that level of care, skill and treatment which is recognized by a reasonably prudent similar practitioner as being acceptable under similar conditions and circumstances.
    25. Failure to keep written medical records which accurately describe the services rendered to the patient, including patient histories, pertinent findings, examination results and test results.
    26. Delegating professional responsibilities to a person when the licensee knows or has reason to know that such person is not qualified by training, experience or licensure to perform them.
    27. Using experimental forms of therapy without proper informed patient consent, without conforming to generally accepted criteria or standard protocols, without keeping detailed legible records or without having periodic analysis of the study and results reviewed by a committee or peers.
    28. Prescribing, dispensing, administering or distributing an anabolic steroid or human growth hormone for other than a valid medical purpose. Bodybuilding, muscle enhancement or increasing muscle bulk or strength through the use of an anabolic steroid or human growth hormone by a person who is in good health is not a valid medical purpose.
    29. Referring a patient to a health care entity for services if the licensee has a significant investment interest in the health care entity, unless the licensee informs the patient in writing of such significant investment interest and that the patient may obtain such services elsewhere.
    30. Failing to properly supervise, direct or delegate acts which constitute the healing arts to persons who perform professional services pursuant to such licensee's direction, supervision, order, referral, delegation or practice protocols.
    31. Violating K.S.A. 65-6703 and amendments thereto.
    32. Charging, billing or otherwise soliciting payment from any patient, patient's representative or insurer for anatomic pathology services, if such services are not personally rendered by the licensee or under such licensee's direct supervision. As used in this subsection, "anatomic pathology services" means the gross or microscopic examination of histologic processing of human organ tissue or the examination of human cells from fluids, aspirates, washings, brushings or smears, including blood banking services, and subcellular or molecular pathology services, performed by or under the supervision of a person licensed to practice medicine and surgery or a clinical laboratory. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to prohibit billing for anatomic pathology services by a hospital, or by a clinical laboratory when samples are transferred between clinical laboratories for the provision of anatomic pathology services.
    33. Engaging in conduct which violates patient trust and exploits the licensee-patient relationship for personal gain.
  3. "False advertisement" means any advertisement which is false, misleading or deceptive in a material respect. In determining whether any advertisement is misleading, there shall be taken into account not only representations made or suggested by statement, word, design, device, sound or any combination thereof, but also the extent to which the advertisement fails to reveal facts material in the light of such representations made.
  4. "Advertisement" means all representations disseminated in any manner or by any means, for the purpose of inducing, or which are likely to induce, directly or indirectly, the purchase of professional services.
  5. "Licensee" for purposes of this section and K.S.A. 65-2836, and amendments thereto, shall mean all persons issued a license, permit or special permit pursuant to article 28 of chapter 65 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated.
  6. "License" for purposes of this section and K.S.A. 65-2836, and amendments thereto, shall mean any license, permit or special permit granted under article 28 of chapter 65 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated.
  7. "Health care entity" means any corporation, firm, partnership or other business entity which provides services for diagnosis or treatment of human health conditions and which is owned separately from a referring licensee's principle practice.
  8. "Significant investment interest" means ownership of at least 10% of the value of the firm, partnership or other business entity which owns or leases the health care entity, or ownership of at least 10% of the shares of stock of the corporation which owns or leases the health care entity.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 37; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 15; L. 1979, ch. 198, § 4; L. 1979, ch. 200, § 1; L. 1983, ch. 214, § 2; L. 1984, ch. 237, § 2; L. 1986, ch. 229, § 42; L. 1987, ch. 176, § 6; L. 1989, ch. 196, § 2; L. 1991, ch. 192, § 3; L. 1993, ch. 205, § 1; L. 1998, ch. 170, § 2; L. 2000, ch. 141, § 6; L. 2006, ch. 110, § 5; L. 2007, ch. 66, § 1; L. 2008, ch. 154, § 7; July 1.

65-2837a. Restrictions on prescribing, ordering, dispensing, administering, selling, supplying or giving certain amphetamine or sympathomimetic amine controlled substances; unprofessional conduct.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person licensed to practice medicine and surgery to prescribe, order, dispense, administer, sell, supply or give or for a mid-level practitioner as defined in subsection (ii) of K.S.A. 65-1626 and amendments thereto to prescribe, administer, supply or give any amphetamine or sympathomimetic amine designated in schedule II, III or IV under the uniform controlled substances act, except as provided in this section. Failure to comply with this section by a licensee shall constitute unprofessional conduct under K.S.A. 65-2837 and amendments thereto.
  2. When any licensee prescribes, orders, dispenses, administers, sells, supplies or gives or when any mid-level practitioner as defined in subsection (ii) of K.S.A. 65-1626 and amendments thereto prescribes, administers, sells, supplies or gives any amphetamine or sympathomimetic amine designated in schedule II, III or IV under the uniform controlled substances act, the patient's medical record shall adequately document the purpose for which the drug is being given. Such purpose shall be restricted to one or more of the following:
    1. The treatment of narcolepsy.
    2. The treatment of drug-induced brain dysfunction.
    3. The treatment of hyperkinesis.
    4. The differential diagnostic psychiatric evaluation of depression.
    5. The treatment of depression shown by adequate medical records and documentation to be unresponsive to other forms of treatment.
    6. The clinical investigation of the effects of such drugs or compounds, in which case, before the investigation is begun, the licensee shall, in addition to other requirements of applicable laws, apply for and obtain approval of the investigation from the board of healing arts.
    7. The treatment of obesity with controlled substances, as may be defined by rules and regulations adopted by the board of healing arts.
    8. The treatment of any other disorder or disease for which such drugs or compounds have been found to be safe and effective by competent scientific research which findings have been generally accepted by the scientific community, in which case, the licensee before prescribing, ordering, dispensing, administering, selling, supplying or giving the drug or compound for a particular condition, or the licensee before authorizing a mid-level practitioner to prescribe the drug or compound for a particular condition, shall obtain a determination from the board of healing arts that the drug or compound can be used for that particular condition.

History: L. 1984, ch. 237, § 1; L. 1997, ch. 57, § 1; L. 1999, ch. 115, § 12; L. 2007, ch. 18, § 1; March 29.

65-2837b. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 37; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 15; L. 1979, ch. 198, § 4; L. 1979, ch. 200, § 1; L. 1983, ch. 214, § 2; L. 1984, ch. 237, § 2; L. 1986, ch. 229, § 42; L. 1987, ch. 176, § 6; L. 1989, ch. 196, § 2; L. 1991, ch. 192, § 3; L. 1993, ch. 205, § 1; L. 1998, ch. 142, § 19; Repealed, L. 2000, ch. 141, § 7; July 1.

65-2838. Disciplinary action against licensee; procedure; stipulations; temporary suspension or limitation; emergency proceedings; guidelines for use of controlled substances for treatment of pain; written advisory opinions.

  1. The board shall have jurisdiction of proceedings to take disciplinary action authorized by K.S.A. 65-2836 and amendments thereto against any licensee practicing under this act. Any such action shall be taken in accordance with the provisions of the Kansas administrative procedure act.
  2. Either before or after formal charges have been filed, the board and the licensee may enter into a stipulation which shall be binding upon the board and the licensee entering into such stipulation, and the board may enter its findings of fact and enforcement order based upon such stipulation without the necessity of filing any formal charges or holding hearings in the case. An enforcement order based upon a stipulation may order any disciplinary action authorized by K.S.A. 65-2836 and amendments thereto against the licensee entering into such stipulation.
  3. The board may temporarily suspend or temporarily limit the license of any licensee in accordance with the emergency adjudicative proceedings under the Kansas administrative procedure act if the board determines that there is cause to believe that grounds exist under K.S.A. 65-2836 and amendments thereto for disciplinary action authorized by K.S.A. 65-2836 and amendments thereto against the licensee and that the licensee's continuation in practice would constitute an imminent danger to the public health and safety.
  4. The board shall adopt guidelines for the use of controlled substances for the treatment of pain.
  5. Upon request of another regulatory or enforcement agency, or a licensee, the board may render a written advisory opinion indicating whether the licensee has prescribed, dispensed, administered or distributed controlled substances in accordance with the treatment of pain guidelines adopted by the board.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 38; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 16; L. 1978, ch. 250, § 1; L. 1979, ch. 198, § 5; L. 1984, ch. 238, § 12; L. 1984, ch. 313, § 118; L. 1986, ch. 229, § 43; L. 2006, ch. 110, § 6; July 1.

65-2838a. Non-disciplinary resolution; procedure.

  1. The board, a committee of the board or a peer review committee established pursuant to K.S.A. 65-2840c, and amendments thereto, as a non-disciplinary resolution, may enter into a written agreement with a licensee for a professional development plan, make written recommendations to a licensee or issue a written letter of concern to a licensee if the board, committee of the board or peer review committee determines that the licensee:
    1. Seeks to establish continued competency for renewal of licensure other than through continued education requirements established pursuant to K.S.A. 65-2809, and amendments thereto;
    2. has been absent from clinical practice for an extended period of time and seeks to resume clinical practice;
    3. has failed to adhere to the applicable standard of care but not to a degree constituting professional incompetence, as defined by K.S.A. 65-2837, and amendments thereto; or
    4. has engaged in an act or practice that, if continued, would reasonably be expected to result in future violations of the Kansas healing arts act.
  2. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a meeting of the board, a committee of the board or a peer review committee established pursuant to K.S.A. 65-2840c, and amendments thereto, for the purpose of discussing or adopting a non-disciplinary resolution authorized by this section shall not be subject to the Kansas administrative procedures act, K.S.A. 77-501 et seq., and amendments thereto, and shall not be subject to the Kansas open meetings act as provided in K.S.A. 75-4317 et seq., and amendments thereto. A non-disciplinary resolution authorized by this section shall not be deemed disciplinary action or other order or adjudication. No failure to adhere to the applicable standard of care or violation of the Kansas healing arts act may be implied by the adoption of a non-disciplinary resolution.
  3. A non-disciplinary resolution authorized by this section shall be confidential in the manner provided by K.S.A. 65-2898a, and amendments thereto, and shall not be admissible in any civil, criminal or administrative action, except that such resolution shall be admissible in any disciplinary proceeding by the board.
  4. This section shall be part of and supplemental to the Kansas healing arts act.

History: L. 2008, ch. 154, § 1; July 1.

65-2839. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 39; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 17; Repealed, L. 1984, ch. 238, § 17; July 1, 1984; Repealed, L. 1984, ch. 313, § 157; July 1, 1985.

65-2839a. Investigations and proceedings conducted by board; access to evidence; subpoenas; access to criminal history; confidentiality of information.

  1. In connection with any investigation by the board, the board or its duly authorized agents or employees shall at all reasonable times have access to, for the purpose of examination, and the right to copy any document, report, record or other physical evidence of any person being investigated, or any document, report, record or other evidence maintained by and in possession of any clinic, office of a practitioner of the healing arts, laboratory, pharmacy, medical care facility or other public or private agency if such document, report, record or evidence relates to medical competence, unprofessional conduct or the mental or physical ability of a licensee safely to practice the healing arts.
  2. For the purpose of all investigations and proceedings conducted by the board:
    1. The board may issue subpoenas compelling the attendance and testimony of witnesses or the production for examination or copying of documents or any other physical evidence if such evidence relates to medical competence, unprofessional conduct or the mental or physical ability of a licensee safely to practice the healing arts. Within five days after the service of the subpoena on any person requiring the production of any evidence in the person's possession or under the person's control, such person may petition the board to revoke, limit or modify the subpoena. The board shall revoke, limit or modify such subpoena if in its opinion the evidence required does not relate to practices which may be grounds for disciplinary action, is not relevant to the charge which is the subject matter of the proceeding or investigation, or does not describe with sufficient particularity the physical evidence which is required to be produced. Any member of the board, or any agent designated by the board, may administer oaths or affirmations, examine witnesses and receive such evidence.
    2. Any person appearing before the board shall have the right to be represented by counsel.
    3. The district court, upon application by the board or by the person subpoenaed, shall have jurisdiction to issue an order:
      1. Requiring such person to appear before the board or the boards duly authorized agent to produce evidence relating to the matter under investigation; or
      2. revoking, limiting or modifying the subpoena if in the court's opinion the evidence demanded does not relate to practices which may be grounds for disciplinary action, is not relevant to the charge which is the subject matter of the hearing or investigation or does not describe with sufficient particularity the evidence which is required to be produced.
  3. The board may receive from the Kansas bureau of investigation or other criminal justice agencies such criminal history record information (including arrest and nonconviction data), criminal intelligence information and information relating to criminal and background investigations as necessary for the purpose of determining initial and continuing qualifications of licensees and registrants of and applicants for licensure and registration by the board. Disclosure or use of any such information received by the board or of any record containing such information, for any purpose other than that provided by this subsection is a class A misdemeanor and shall constitute grounds for removal from office, termination of employment or denial, revocation or suspension of any license or registration issued under this act. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to make unlawful the disclosure of any such information by the board in a hearing held pursuant to this act.
  4. Patient records, including clinical records, medical reports, laboratory statements and reports, files, films, other reports or oral statements relating to diagnostic findings or treatment of patients, information from which a patient or a patient's family might be identified, peer review or risk management records or information received and records kept by the board as a result of the investigation procedure outlined in this section shall be confidential and shall not be disclosed.
  5. Nothing in this section or any other provision of law making communications between a physician and the physician's patient a privileged communication shall apply to investigations or proceedings conducted pursuant to this section. The board and its employees, agents and representatives shall keep in confidence the names of any patients whose records are reviewed during the course of investigations and proceedings pursuant to this section.

History: L. 1986, ch. 229, § 39; L. 1992, ch. 253, § 3; July 1.

65-2840. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 40; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 18; Repealed, L. 1984, ch. 238, § 17; July 1.

65-2840a. Disciplinary counsel; appointment; qualifications; duties; application for subpoenas; staff; rules and regulations.

The state board of healing arts shall appoint a disciplinary counsel, who shall not otherwise be an attorney for the board, with the duties set out in this act. The disciplinary counsel shall be an attorney admitted to practice law in the state of Kansas. The disciplinary counsel shall have the power and the duty to investigate or cause to be investigated all matters involving professional incompetency, unprofessional conduct or any other matter which may result in disciplinary action against a licensee pursuant to K.S.A. 65-2836 through 65-2844, and amendments thereto. In the performance of these duties, the disciplinary counsel may apply to any court having power to issue subpoenas for an order to require by subpoena the attendance of any person or by subpoena duces tecum the production of any records for the purpose of the production of any information pertinent to an investigation. Subject to approval by the state board of healing arts, the disciplinary counsel shall employ clerical and other staff necessary to carry out the duties of the disciplinary counsel. The state board of healing arts may adopt rules and regulations necessary to allow the disciplinary counsel to properly perform the functions of such position under this act.

History: L. 1984, ch. 238, § 8; L. 1986, ch. 229, § 44; July 1.

65-2840b.   Repealed.

History: L. 1984, ch. 238, § 9; L. 1984, ch. 313, § 156; Repealed, L. 1985, ch. 88, § 7; July 1.

65-2840c. Review committees; establishment; composition; expenses.

Review committees shall be established and appointed by the state board of healing arts for each branch of the healing arts as necessary to advise the board in carrying out the provisions of this act. Each review committee shall be composed of three members and designated alternates. Each of the members and their designated alternates shall serve for a period of two years, all of whom shall be licensed by the board to practice the branch of the healing arts for which the review committee is established. Members of the state board of healing arts shall not be eligible to act as members of the review committee. Members may be selected from names submitted by the state professional association for the branch of healing arts involved. The members of such review committees attending meetings of any review committees shall be paid compensation, subsistence allowances, mileage and expenses as provided by K.S.A. 75-3223 and amendments thereto.

History: L. 1984, ch. 238, § 10; L. 1997, ch. 94, § 7; Apr. 17.

65-2840d. Repealed.

History: L. 1984, ch. 238, § 11; Repealed, L. 1985, ch. 88, § 7; July 1.

65-2841. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 41; L. 1984, ch. 238, § 13; Repealed, L. 1984, ch. 313, § 157; July 1, 1985.

65-2842. Mental or physical examination or drug screen, or any combination thereof, of licensee; requirement by board; computation of time limit for hearing.

Whenever the board directs, pursuant to subsection (i) of K.S.A. 65-2836 and amendments thereto, that a licensee submit to a mental or physical examination or drug screen, or any combination thereof, the time from the date of the board's directive until the submission to the board of the report of the examination or drug screen, or both, shall not be included in the computation of the time limit for hearing prescribed by the Kansas administrative procedure act.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 42; L. 1979, ch. 198, § 6; L. 1983, ch. 214, § 3; L. 1984, ch. 238, § 14; L. 1984, ch. 313, § 119; L. 1991, ch. 192, § 4; July 1.

65-2843. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 43; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 19; L. 1984, ch. 238, § 15; Repealed, L. 1984, ch. 313, § 157; July 1, 1985.

65-2844. Reinstatement of license; application; burden of proof; reapplication for reinstatement, when; proceedings.

A person whose license has been revoked may apply for reinstatement of the license after the expiration of three years from the effective date of the revocation. Application for reinstatement shall be on a form provided by the board and shall be accompanied by a reinstatement of a revoked license fee established by the board under K.S.A. 65-2852 and amendments thereto. The burden of proof by clear and convincing evidence shall be on the applicant to show sufficient rehabilitation to justify reinstatement of the license. If the board determines a license should not be reinstated, the person shall not be eligible to reapply for reinstatement for three years from the effective date of the denial. All proceedings conducted on an application for reinstatement shall be in accordance with the provisions of the Kansas administrative procedure act and shall be reviewable in accordance with the Kansas judicial review act. The board, on its own motion, may stay the effectiveness of an order of revocation of license.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 44; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 20; L. 1984, ch. 313, § 120; L. 1987, ch. 240, § 8; L. 1991, ch. 193, § 1; L. 2010, ch. 17, § 139; July 1.

65-2845. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 45; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 21; Repealed, L. 1984, ch. 313, § 157; July 1, 1985.

65-2846. Costs of proceedings; assessment of costs incurred.

  1. If the board's order is adverse to the licensee or applicant for reinstatement of license, costs incurred by the board in conducting any proceeding under the Kansas administrative procedure act may be assessed against the parties to the proceeding in such proportion as the board may determine upon consideration of all relevant circumstances including the nature of the proceeding and the level of participation by the parties. If the board is the unsuccessful party, the costs shall be paid from the healing arts fee fund.
  2. For purposes of this section costs incurred shall mean the presiding officer fees and expenses, costs of making any transcripts, witness fees and expenses, mileage, travel allowances and subsistence expenses of board employees and fees and expenses of agents of the board who provide services pursuant to K.S.A. 65-2878a and amendments thereto. Costs incurred shall not include presiding officer fees and expenses or costs of making and preparing the record unless the board has designated or retained the services of independent contractors to perform such functions.
  3. The board shall make any assessment of costs incurred as part of the final order rendered in the proceeding. Such order shall include findings and conclusions in support of the assessment of costs.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 46; L. 1965, ch. 382, § 10; L. 1973, ch. 309, § 22; L. 1991, ch. 193, § 2; July 1.

65-2847. Same; costs due state; uncollectible, paid by board.

All costs accrued at the instance of the state, when it is the successful party, and which the attorney general certifies cannot be collected from the defendant, shall be paid out of any available funds in the state treasury to the credit of the board.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 47; July 1.

65-2848. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 48; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 22; L. 1979, ch. 198, § 7; Repealed, L. 1984, ch. 313, § 157; July 1, 1985.

65-2849. Hearing of cause in district court; precedence.

The cause shall be heard by the court at a time fixed by it, and shall take precedence over all other cases upon the court docket except workmen's compensation and criminal cases.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 49; July 1.

65-2850. Same; appeal bond of licensee.

In the event the board appeals, no bond shall be required.  If the licensee appeals, the only bond required shall be one running to the state, in an amount to be fixed by the court for the payment of the costs both before the board and in the district court, and the bond shall be approved by the judge of the district court.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 50; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 23; L. 1984, ch. 313, § 121; L. 1992, ch. 314, § 16; July 1.

65-2851. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 51; Repealed, L. 1984, ch. 313, § 157; July 1, 1985.

65-2851a. Administrative proceedings; procedure, review and civil enforcement.

  1. All administrative proceedings provided for by article 28 of chapter 65 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated and affecting any licensee licensed under that article shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of the Kansas administrative procedure act.
  2. Judicial review and civil enforcement of any agency action under article 28 of chapter 65 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated shall be in accordance with the Kansas judicial review act.

History: L. 1984, ch. 313, § 124; L. 2010, ch. 17, § 140; July 1.

65-2852. Fees; collection by board.

The following fees shall be established by the board by rules and regulations and collected by the board:

  1. For a license, issued upon the basis of an examination given by the board, in a sum of not more than $300;
  2. for a license, issued without examination and by endorsement, in a sum of not more than $300;
  3. for a license, issued upon a certificate from the national boards, in a sum of not more than $300;
  4. for the renewal of a license, the sum of not more than $500;
  5. for a temporary permit, in a sum of not more than $60;
  6. for an institutional license, in a sum of not more than $300;
  7. for a visiting professor temporary license, in a sum of not more than $50;
  8. for a certified statement from the board that a licensee is licensed in this state, the sum of not more than $30;
  9. for any copy of any license issued by the board, the sum of not more than $30;
  10. for any examination given by the board, a sum in an amount equal to the cost to the board of the examination;
  11. for application for and issuance of a special permit under K.S.A. 65-2811a and amendments thereto, the sum of not more than $60;
  12. for an exempt or inactive license or renewal of an exempt or inactive license, the sum of not more than $150;
  13. for conversion of an exempt or inactive license to a license to practice the healing arts, the sum of not more than $300;
  14. for reinstatement of a revoked license, in a sum of not more than $1,000;
  15. for a visiting clinical professor license, or renewal of a visiting clinical professor license, in a sum of not more than $300;
  16. for a postgraduate permit in a sum of not more than $60;
  17. for a limited permit or renewal of a limited permit, the sum of not more than $60; and
  18. for a written verification of any license or permit, the sum of not more than $25.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 52; L. 1966, ch. 35, § 2 (Budget Session); L. 1969, ch. 299, § 11; L. 1974, ch. 255, § 1; L. 1978, ch. 249, § 3; L. 1985, ch. 217, § 1; L. 1985, ch. 216, § 5; L. 1987, ch. 239, § 4; L. 1987, ch. 242, § 4; L. 1988, ch. 251, § 2; L. 1991, ch. 193, § 3; L. 1992, ch. 156, § 3; L. 1995, ch. 82, § 4; L. 1997, ch. 94, § 2; L. 2000, ch. 141, § 3; July 1.

65-2853. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 53; Repealed, L. 1991, ch. 192, § 7; July 1.

65-2854. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 54; Repealed, L. 1973, ch. 309, § 46; July 1.

65-2855. Fees; disposition of; healing arts fee fund.

The board shall remit all moneys received by or for the board from fees, charges or penalties to the state treasurer in accordance with the provisions of K.S.A. 75-4215, and amendments thereto. Upon receipt of each such remittance, the state treasurer shall deposit the entire amount in the state treasury. Ten percent of such amount shall be credited to the state general fund and the balance shall be credited to the healing arts fee fund. All expenditures from the healing arts fee fund shall be made in accordance with appropriation acts upon warrants of the director of accounts and reports issued pursuant to vouchers approved by the president of the board or by a person or persons designated by the president.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 55; L. 1963, ch. 398, § 15; L. 1965, ch. 382, § 11; L. 1966, ch. 35, § 3 (Budget Session); L. 1969, ch. 299, § 12; L. 1973, ch. 309, § 23; L. 1987, ch. 240, § 9; L. 2001, ch. 5, § 238; L. 2011, ch. 53, § 32; July 1.

65-2856. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 56; L. 1965, ch. 382, § 12; L. 1969, ch. 299, § 13; Repealed, L. 1973, ch. 309, § 46; July 1.

65-2857. Injunction and quo warranto for unlawful practice of the healing arts.

An action in injunction or quo warranto may be brought and maintained in the name of the state of Kansas to enjoin or oust from the unlawful practice of the healing arts, any person who shall practice the healing arts as defined in this act without being duly licensed therefor.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 57; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 24; Feb. 13.

65-2858. Same; authority conferred by 65-2857 additional to authority to prosecute criminally.

The authority conferred by the preceding section shall be in addition to, and not in lieu of, authority to prosecute criminally any person unlawfully engaged in the practice of the healing arts. The granting and enforcing of an injunction or quo warranto to prevent the unlawful practice of the healing arts is a preventive measure, not a punitive measure, and the fact that a person has been charged with or convicted of criminally having so practiced shall not prevent the issuance of a writ of injunction or quo warranto to prevent his further practice; nor shall the fact that a writ of injunction or quo warranto has been granted to prevent further practice preclude the institution of criminal prosecution and punishment.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 58; July 1.

65-2859. Filing false documents with board; forgery; penalty.

Any person who shall file or attempt to file with the board any false or forged diploma, certificate, affidavit or identification or qualification, or any other written or printed instrument, shall be guilty of forgery as defined in K.S.A. 2011 Supp. 21-5823, and amendments thereto.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 59; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 25; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 231; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 242; July 1.

65-2860. False impersonation; fraud; penalty.

Any person who shall present to the board a diploma or certificate of which he or she is not the rightful owner for the purpose of procuring a license, or who shall falsely impersonate anyone to whom a license has been issued by said board, shall be deemed guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 60; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 26; Feb. 13.

65-2861. False swearing; penalty.

Any person who swears falsely in any affidavit or oral testimony made or given by virtue of the provisions of this act or the rules and regulations of the board shall be deemed guilty of a severity level 9, nonperson felony.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 61; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 27; L. 1993, ch. 291, § 232; July 1.

65-2862. Penalties for violations of act; second conviction.

Any person violating any of the provisions of this act, except as specific penalties are herein otherwise imposed, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall pay a fine of not less than fifty dollars ($50) nor more than two hundred dollars ($200) for each separate offense, and a person for a second violation of any of the provisions of this act, wherein another specific penalty is not expressly imposed, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall pay a fine of not less than one hundred dollars ($100) nor more than five hundred dollars ($500) for each separate offense.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 62; July 1.

65-2863. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 63; Repealed, L. 1976, ch. 273, § 40; Feb. 13.

65-2863a. Administrative fines.

  1. The state board of healing arts, in addition to any other penalty prescribed under the Kansas healing arts act, may assess a civil fine, after proper notice and an opportunity to be heard, against a licensee for a violation of the Kansas healing arts act in an amount not to exceed $5,000 for the first violation, $10,000 for the second violation and $15,000 for the third violation and for each subsequent violation. All fines assessed and collected under this section shall be remitted to the state treasurer in accordance with the provisions of K.S.A. 75-4215, and amendments thereto. Upon receipt of each such remittance, the state treasurer shall deposit the entire amount in the state treasury to the credit of the state general fund.
  2. This section shall be part of and supplemental to the Kansas healing arts act.

History: L. 1986, ch. 229, § 20; L. 2001, ch. 5, § 239; July 1.

65-2864. Enforcement of act; investigations; evidence.

The board shall enforce the provisions of this act and for that purpose shall make all necessary investigations relative thereto. Every licensee in this state, including members of the board, shall furnish the board such evidence as he may have relative to any alleged violation which is being investigated. He shall also report to the board the name of every person without a license that he has reason to believe is engaged in practicing the healing arts in this state.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 64; July 1.

65-2865. Rules and regulations; filing.

The board shall promulgate all necessary rules and regulations, not inconsistent herewith, for carrying out the provisions of this act, which rules and regulations shall include standards for the dispensing of drugs by persons licensed to practice medicine and surgery. It may also adopt rules and regulations supplementing any of the provisions herein contained but not inconsistent with this act. All rules and regulations promulgated and adopted by the board shall be filed with the secretary of state as required by law.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 65; L. 1979, ch. 198, § 8; L. 1988, ch. 366, § 19; June 1.

65-2866. Attorney general, county or district attorney to prosecute violations.

Upon the request of the board, the attorney general or county or district attorney of the proper county shall institute in the name of the state or board the proper proceedings against any person regarding whom a complaint has been made charging him or her with the violation of any of the provisions of this act, and the attorney general, and such county or district attorney, at the request of the attorney general or of the board shall appear and prosecute any and all such actions.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 66; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 28; Feb. 13.

65-2867. Certain acts prohibited; exceptions; penalty.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person who is not licensed under the Kansas healing arts act or whose license has been revoked or suspended to open or maintain an office for the practice of the healing arts as defined in this act or to announce or hold out to the public the intention, authority or skill to practice the healing arts as defined in the Kansas healing arts act by the use of any professional degree or designation, sign, card, circular, device, advertisement or representation.
  2. This section shall not apply to any person licensed by the board whose license was expired or lapsed and reinstated within a six month period pursuant to K.S.A. 65-2809 and amendments thereto.
  3. This section shall not apply to any health care provider who in good faith renders emergency care or assistance at the scene of an emergency or accident as authorized by K.S.A. 65-2891 and amendments thereto.
  4. It shall not be considered a violation of the Kansas healing arts act if an unlicensed person appends to such person's name the word "doctor" or the letters "M.D.", "D.O." or "D.C.", if such person has earned such professional degree from an accredited healing arts school or college, and if the use of such word or initials is not misleading the public, patients or other health care providers that such person
    1. is engaged in the practice of the healing arts within this state; or
    2. is licensed to practice the healing arts in this state. The provisions of this subsection shall apply to any proceeding pending before the board that has not reached a final order or disposition by the board prior to the effective date of this act and to any proceeding commenced before the board on or after the effective date of this act.
  5. Violation of this section is a class C misdemeanor.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 67; L. 1992, ch. 32, § 2; L. 2010, ch. 69, § 1; July 1.

65-2868. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 68; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 29; Repealed, L. 1992, ch. 32, § 3; July 1.

65-2869. Persons deemed engaged in practice of medicine and surgery.

For the purpose of this act the following persons shall be deemed to be engaged in the practice of medicine and surgery:

  1. Persons who publicly profess to be physicians or surgeons, or publicly profess to assume the duties incident to the practice of medicine or surgery or any of their branches.
  2. Persons who prescribe, recommend or furnish medicine or drugs, or perform any surgical operation of whatever nature by the use of any surgical instrument, procedure, equipment or mechanical device for the diagnosis, cure or relief of any wounds, fractures, bodily injury, infirmity, disease, physical or mental illness or psychological disorder, of human beings.
  3. Persons who attach to their name the title M.D., surgeon, physician, physician and surgeon, or any other word or abbreviation indicating that they are engaged in the treatment or diagnosis of ailments, diseases or injuries of human beings.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 69; L. 1969, ch. 299, § 14; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 30; L. 1988, ch. 251, § 5; July 1.

65-2870. Persons deemed engaged in practice of osteopathy.

For the purpose of this act the following persons shall be deemed to be engaged in the practice of osteopathy or to be osteopathic physicians and surgeons:

  1. Persons who publicly profess to be osteopathic physicians, or publicly profess to assume the duties incident to the practice of osteopathy, as heretofore interpreted by the supreme court of this state, shall be deemed to be engaged in the practice of osteopathy.
  2. Osteopathic physicians and surgeons shall mean and include those persons who receive a license to practice medicine and surgery pursuant to the provisions of this act.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 70; L. 1969, ch. 299, § 15; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 31; Feb. 13.

65-2871. Persons deemed engaged in practice of chiropractic.

For the purpose of this act the following persons shall be deemed to be engaged in the practice of chiropractic:

  1. Persons who examine, analyze and diagnose the human living body, and its diseases by the use of any physical, thermal or manual method and use the X-ray diagnosis and analysis taught in any accredited chiropractic school or college and
  2. persons who adjust any misplaced tissue of any kind or nature, manipulate or treat the human body by manual, mechanical, electrical or natural methods or by the use of physical means, physiotherapy (including light, heat, water or exercise), or by the use of foods, food concentrates, or food extract, or who apply first aid and hygiene, but chiropractors are expressly prohibited from prescribing or administering to any person medicine or drugs in materia medica, or from performing any surgery, as hereinabove stated, or from practicing obstetrics.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 71; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 32; Feb. 13.

65-2872. Persons not engaged in the practice of the healing arts.

The practice of the healing arts shall not be construed to include the following persons:

  1. Persons rendering gratuitous services in the case of an emergency.
  2. Persons gratuitously administering ordinary household remedies.
  3. The members of any church practicing their religious tenets provided they shall not be exempt from complying with all public health regulations of the state.
  4. Students while in actual classroom attendance in an accredited healing arts school who after completing one year's study treat diseases under the supervision of a licensed instructor.
  5. Students upon the completion of at least three years study in an accredited healing arts school and who, as a part of their academic requirements for a degree, serve a preceptorship not to exceed 180 days under the supervision of a licensed practitioner.
  6. Persons who massage for the purpose of relaxation, muscle conditioning, or figure improvement, provided no drugs are used and such persons do not hold themselves out to be physicians or healers.
  7. Persons whose professional services are performed under the supervision or by order of or referral from a practitioner who is licensed under this act.
  8. Persons in the general fields of psychology, education and social work, dealing with the social, psychological and moral well-being of individuals and/or groups provided they do not use drugs and do not hold themselves out to be the physicians, surgeons, osteopathic physicians or chiropractors.
  9. Practitioners of the healing arts in the United States army, navy, air force, public health service, and coast guard or other military service when acting in the line of duty in this state.
  10. Practitioners of the healing arts licensed in another state when and while incidentally called into this state in consultation with practitioners licensed in this state.
  11. Dentists practicing their professions, when licensed and practicing in accordance with the provisions of article 14 of chapter 65 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated, and amendments thereto, and any interpretation thereof by the supreme court of this state.
  12. Optometrists practicing their professions, when licensed and practicing under and in accordance with the provisions of article 15 of chapter 65 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated, and amendments thereto, and any interpretation thereof by the supreme court of this state.
  13. Nurses practicing their profession when licensed and practicing under and in accordance with the provisions of article 11 of chapter 65 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated, and amendments thereto, and any interpretation thereof by the supreme court of this state.
  14. Podiatrists practicing their profession, when licensed and practicing under and in accordance with the provisions of article 20 of chapter 65 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated, and amendments thereto, and any interpretation thereof by the supreme court of this state.
  15. Every act or practice falling in the field of the healing art, not specifically excepted herein, shall constitute the practice thereof.
  16. Pharmacists practicing their profession, when licensed and practicing under and in accordance with the provisions of article 16 of chapter 65 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated, and amendments thereto, and any interpretation thereof by the supreme court of this state.
  17. A dentist licensed in accordance with the provisions of article 14 of chapter 65 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated who administers general and local anesthetics to facilitate medical procedures conducted by a person licensed to practice medicine and surgery if such dentist is certified by the board of healing arts under K.S.A. 65-2899, and amendments thereto, to administer such general and local anesthetics.
  18. Practitioners of the healing arts duly licensed under the laws of another state who do not open an office or maintain or appoint a place to regularly meet patients or to receive calls within this state, but who order services which are performed in this state in accordance with rules and regulations of the board. The board shall adopt rules and regulations identifying circumstances in which professional services may be performed in this state based upon an order by a practitioner of the healing arts licensed under the laws of another state.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 72; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 33; L. 1976, ch. 276, § 2; L. 2005, ch. 117, § 1; L. 2007, ch. 42, § 2; July 1.

65-2872a. Repealed.

History: L. 1982, ch. 378, § 6; Repealed, L. 2002, ch. 203, § 39; Jan. 1, 2003

65-2872b. Same; administration of epinephrine; limitation of liability.

  1. The practice of the healing arts shall not be construed to include any person administering epinephrine in emergency situations to a student or a member of a school staff if:
    1. The person administering the epinephrine reasonably believes that the student or staff member is exhibiting the signs and symptoms of an anaphylactic reaction;
    2. a physician has authorized, in writing, the school to maintain a stock supply of epinephrine; and
    3. the epinephrine is administered at school, on school property or at a school-sponsored event.
  2. Any person who gratuitously and in good faith renders emergency care or treatment through the administration of epinephrine to a student or a member of a school staff at school, on school property or at a school-sponsored event shall not be held liable for any civil damages as a result of such care or administration or as a result of any act or failure to act in providing or arranging further medical treatment where the person acts as an ordinary reasonably prudent person would have acted under the same or similar circumstances.

History: L. 2009, ch. 102, § 1; July 1.

65-2873. License to practice healing arts by examination; prerequisites; postgraduate study; use of title and degree.

  1. Each applicant for a license by examination to practice any branch of the healing arts in this state shall:
    1. Present to the board evidence of proficiency in the basic sciences issued by the national board of medical examiners, the board of examiners of osteopathic physicians and surgeons or the national board of chiropractic examiners or such other examining body as may be approved by the board or in lieu thereof pass such examination as the board may require in the basic science subjects;
    2. present proof that the applicant is a graduate of an accredited healing arts school or college; and
    3. pass an examination prescribed and conducted by the board covering the subjects incident to the practice of the branch of healing art for which the applicant applies.
  2. Any person seeking a license to practice medicine and surgery shall present proof that such person has completed acceptable postgraduate study as may be required by the board by regulations.
  3. The board may authorize an applicant who does not meet the requirements of paragraph (2) of subsection (a) to take the examination for licensure if the applicant:
    1. Has completed three years of postgraduate training as approved by the board;
    2. is a graduate of a school which has been in operation for not less than 15 years and the graduates of which have been licensed in another state or states which has standards similar to Kansas; and
    3. meets all other requirements for taking the examination for licensure of the Kansas healing arts act.
  4. In addition to the examination required under paragraph (3) of subsection (a), if the applicant is a foreign medical graduate the applicant shall pass an examination given by the educational commission for foreign medical graduates.
  5. No person licensed to practice and actively engaged in the practice of the healing arts shall attach to such person's name any title, or any word or abbreviation indicating that such person is a doctor of any branch of the healing arts other than the branch of the healing arts in which such person holds a license but shall attach to such person's name the degree or degrees to which such person is entitled by reason of such person's diploma.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 73; L. 1969, ch. 299, § 16; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 34; L. 1985, ch. 216, § 2; July 1.

65-2873a. Board authorized to grant license in particular circumstances; exceptions; requirements.

Notwithstanding the provisions of K.S.A. 65-2873, the state board of healing arts may grant a license to practice medicine and surgery and renew the same annually as provided in K.S.A. 65-2809 to any person who meets all of the requirements of K.S.A. 65-2873, except the requirements of clause (2) of subsection (a) of such section, if such person is a citizen of the United States, a resident of Kansas, has a fellowship license, has been employed as a physician or by the state of Kansas for twenty (20) years or more, has been the head of a state hospital for five (5) years or more and has successfully completed the licensing examinations given by the state board of healing arts.

History: L. 1978, ch. 248, § 1; Feb. 4.

65-2874. Accredited school of medicine defined; rules and regulations establishing criteria; questionnaire developed by board; authority to contract for assistance in obtaining information about schools.

  1. An accredited school of medicine for the purpose of this act shall be a school or college which requires the study of medicine and surgery in all of its branches, which the board shall determine to have a standard of education substantially equivalent to the university of Kansas school of medicine. All such schools shall be approved by the board.
  2. The board shall adopt rules and regulations establishing the criteria which a school shall satisfy in meeting the standard established under subsection (a). The criteria shall establish the minimum standards in the following areas:
    1. Admission requirements;
    2. basic science coursework;
    3. clinical coursework;
    4. qualification of faculty;
    5. ratio of faculty to students;
    6. library;
    7. clinical facilities;
    8. laboratories;
    9. equipment;
    10. specimens;
    11. financial qualifications; and
    12. accreditation by independent agency.
  3. The board may send a questionnaire developed by the board to any school for which the board does not have sufficient information to determine whether the school meets the requirements of this statute or rules and regulations adopted pursuant to this statute. The questionnaire providing the necessary information shall be completed and returned to the board in order for the school to be considered for approval.
  4. The board is authorized to contract with investigative agencies, commissions or consultants to assist the board in obtaining information about schools. In entering such contracts the authority to approve schools shall remain solely with the board.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 74; L. 1985, ch. 216, § 3; July 1.

65-2875. Accredited schools of osteopathic medicine defined.

An accredited school of osteopathic medicine for the purpose of this act shall be a school or college which requires the study of osteopathic medicine and surgery in all of its branches which the board shall determine to have a standard of education not below that of the Kirksville college of osteopathy and surgery. All such schools shall be approved by the board.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 75; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 35; Feb. 13.

65-2876. Accredited school or college of chiropractic, defined.

An accredited school or college of chiropractic for the purpose of this act shall be a school or college teaching chiropractic which the board shall determine to have a standard of education not below that required for a recognized or accredited status with the council on chiropractic education. All such schools shall be approved by the board.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 76; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 36; L. 1978, ch. 251, § 1; July 1.

65-2877. Approval of healing arts schools; inspection.

No school of the healing arts shall be deemed accredited until it has permitted an inspection thereof, if requested, and has been approved by the board.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 77; July 1.

65-2877a. Prohibition on practice by corporation inapplicable to certain schools.

The healing arts act and any other provision of law prohibiting practice of the healing arts by a general corporation shall not apply to a healing arts school approved by the board if the healing arts school is a non-profit entity under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code of 1986, is approved by the state board of regents, and as part of its academic requirements provides clinical training to its students under the supervision of persons who are licensed to practice a branch of the healing arts in this state.

History: L. 2007, ch. 42, § 3; July 1.

65-2878. Executive director; appointment; confirmation by senate; employment of administrative assistant and other employees; representation of board by attorney appointed by attorney general.

  1. The board shall appoint an executive director, subject to confirmation by the senate as provided in K.S.A. 75-4315b, and amendments thereto. Except as provided by K.S.A. 46-2601, and amendments thereto, no person appointed as executive director shall exercise any power, duty or function as executive director until confirmed by the senate. The executive director shall be in the unclassified service under the Kansas civil service act and shall receive a salary fixed by the board and approved by the governor. The executive director shall not be a member of the board. Under the supervision of the board, the executive director shall be the chief administrative officer of the board and shall perform such duties as may be specified by the board and as may be required by law. The executive director shall be the custodian of the common seal of the board, the books and records of the board and shall keep minutes of all board proceedings.
  2. The board may employ an administrative assistant. The administrative assistant shall be in the unclassified service under the Kansas civil service act and shall receive a salary fixed by the board and approved by the governor. Under the supervision of the executive director, the administrative assistant shall assist the executive director in the performance of the duties of the executive director.
  3. The board may employ such clerical and other employees, who shall be in the classified service under the Kansas civil service act, as it considers necessary in order to administer and execute, under the supervision of the executive director, the provisions of this act or other statutes delegating duties and responsibilities to the board, except that any attorney employed by the board shall be in the unclassified service under the Kansas civil service act and shall receive a salary fixed by the board and approved by the governor.
  4. As necessary, the board shall be represented by an attorney appointed by the attorney general as provided by law, whose compensation shall be determined and paid by the board with the approval of the governor.
  5. The board may contract with one or more persons who are licensed to practice the healing arts in this state and who are not members of the board to provide such advice and assistance as necessary on: Licensure matters including review, investigation and disposition of complaints; clinical and patient care matters; and the ethical conduct and professional practice of licensees; or to perform other duties as assigned by the executive director or the board. For the purposes of contracting with such persons, the board shall be exempt from the provisions of K.S.A. 75-3739, and amendments thereto.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 78; L. 1969, ch. 299, § 17; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 37; L. 1983, ch. 213, § 8; L. 1987, ch. 240, § 10; L. 2008, ch. 121, § 8; L. 2009, ch. 143, § 25; L. 2012, ch. 116, § 2; May 24.

65-2878a. Employment of agents to assist board in disciplinary actions; limitation on liability of such agents.

The state board of healing arts is hereby authorized to employ, appoint, designate and utilize individuals who shall be agents of the board to evaluate and review investigative materials, conduct interviews and render opinions, reports and testimony on matters which may result in disciplinary action against any individual who has received a license, permit, registration or certification from the board or who has applied for any license, permit, registration or certificate. No individual who provides such services shall be liable in a civil action for damages or other relief arising from testimony provided or recommendation or opinion made by such individual acting without malice and in good faith within the scope of such individual's capacity as an agent of the board.

History: L. 1989, ch. 222, § 1; July 1.

65-2879. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 79; L. 1965, ch. 382, § 13; L. 1969, ch. 299, § 18; Repealed, L. 1973, ch. 309, § 46; July 1.

65-2880. Pending actions; vested rights saved.

This act shall in no manner affect pending actions, either civil or criminal, founded on or growing out of any statute hereby repealed. This act shall in no manner affect rights, or causes of action, either civil or criminal, not in suit and that may have already accrued or grown out of any statute hereby repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 80; July 1.

65-2881. Current licenses continued; renewal.

All licenses duly issued prior to the taking effect of this act shall be and continue in full force and effect and be renewed under the provisions hereof.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 81; July 1.

65-2882 to 65-2884. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, §§ 82 to 84; Repealed, L. 1976, ch. 273, § 40; Feb. 13.

65-2885. Use of title by licensee.

No person licensed hereunder shall use a title in connection with his name which in any way represents him as engaged in the practice of any branch of the healing arts for which he holds no license: Provided, however, That every such licensee when using the letters or term "Dr." or "Doctor" shall use the appropriate words or letters to identify himself with the particular branch of the healing arts in which he holds a license.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 85; July 1.

65-2886. Licensee to comply with public health laws and regulations.

Every licensee hereunder shall be subject to all state and municipal regulations relating to the control of contagious and infectious diseases; sign death certificates and any and all matters pertaining to public health, and shall report all matters pertaining to public health as required by law.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 86; July 1.

65-2887. Assisting unlicensed persons to practice optometry not authorized; exceptions.

  1. Nothing in this act shall be construed to authorize any person licensed under this act to knowingly perform any act which in any way assists an unlicensed person, except as provided under subsections (b) and (c), firm, association or corporation (1) to make an examination of the eyes for the prescription of glasses, or (2) to perform any of the practice acts for which optometrists are licensed.
  2. A person who is licensed to practice medicine and surgery may delegate to assistants the performance of screening procedures for visual acuities, color vision, visual fields, and intraocular pressure.
  3. A person who is licensed to practice medicine and surgery and who has completed an approved postgraduate training program in ophthalmology or who is practicing as a fulltime ophthalmologist on the effective date of this act may utilize not more than three (3) assistants to perform examination procedures which may be performed by a person licensed to practice optometry. The examination procedures performed by assistants to ophthalmologists shall be limited to data gathering at the direct request of the ophthalmologist and to those examination procedures which do not require professional interpretation or professional judgment. These examination procedures may be performed by assistants only under the immediate and personal supervision and within the office of an ophthalmologist. Delegation to such assistants of the external and internal evaluation of the eye, biomicroscopic evaluation, subjective refraction, gonioscopic evaluation, final contact lens fit evaluation, orthoptic and strabismus evaluations, visual training evaluations, analysis of findings and the prescribing of ophthalmic lenses are prohibited.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 87; L. 1978, ch. 252, § 1; July 1.

65-2888. Invalidity of part.

If any division, section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase or requirement of this act is for any reason held to be unconstitutional, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions thereof. The legislature hereby declares that it would have passed this act, and each division, section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase or requirement thereof irrespective of the fact that any one or more divisions, sections, subsections, sentences, clauses, phrases, or requirements be declared unconstitutional.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 88; July 1.

65-2889. Repealed.

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 89; Repealed, L. 1965, ch. 382, § 14; June 30.

65-2890. Name of act; citation.

This act shall be known and cited as "the Kansas healing arts act."

History: L. 1957, ch. 343, § 90; July 1.

65-2891. Emergency care by health care providers; liability; standards of care applicable.

  1. Any health care provider who in good faith renders emergency care or assistance at the scene of an emergency or accident including treatment of a minor without first obtaining the consent of the parent or guardian of such minor shall not be liable for any civil damages for acts or omissions other than damages occasioned by gross negligence or by willful or wanton acts or omissions by such person in rendering such emergency care.
  2. Any health care provider may render in good faith emergency care or assistance, without compensation, to any minor requiring such care or assistance as a result of having engaged in competitive sports, without first obtaining the consent of the parent or guardian of such minor. Such health care provider shall not be liable for any civil damages other than damages occasioned by gross negligence or by willful or wanton acts or omissions by such person in rendering such emergency care.
  3. Any health care provider may in good faith render emergency care or assistance during an emergency which occurs within a hospital or elsewhere, with or without compensation, until such time as the physician employed by the patient or by the patient's family or by guardian assumes responsibility for such patient's professional care. The health care provider rendering such emergency care shall not be held liable for any civil damages other than damages occasioned by negligence.
  4. Any provision herein contained notwithstanding, the ordinary standards of care and rules of negligence shall apply in those cases wherein emergency care and assistance is rendered in any physician's or dentist's office, clinic, emergency room or hospital with or without compensation.
  5. As used in this section the term "health care provider" means any person licensed to practice any branch of the healing arts, licensed dentist, licensed optometrist, licensed professional nurse, licensed practical nurse, licensed podiatrist, licensed pharmacist, licensed physical therapist, and any physician assistant who has successfully completed an American medical association approved training program and has successfully completed the national board examination for physician assistants of the American board of medical examiners, any licensed athletic trainer, any licensed occupational therapist, any licensed respiratory therapist, any person who holds a valid attendant's certificate under K.S.A. 65-6129, and amendments thereto, any person who holds a valid certificate for the successful completion of a course in first aid offered or approved by the American red cross, by the American heart association, by the mining enforcement and safety administration of the bureau of mines of the department of interior, by the national safety council or by any instructor-coordinator, as defined in K.S.A. 65-6112, and amendments thereto, and any person engaged in a postgraduate training program approved by the state board of healing arts.

History: L. 1965, ch. 385, § 1; L. 1969, ch. 300, § 1; L. 1971, ch. 214, § 1; L. 1973, ch. 252, § 1; L. 1975, ch. 326, § 1; L. 1976, ch. 277, § 1; L. 1977, ch. 220, § 1; L. 1986, ch. 231, § 32; L. 1988, ch. 252, § 1; L. 1988, ch. 246, § 18; L. 1988, ch. 253, § 1; L. 1993, ch. 146, § 1; L. 2000, ch. 93, § 1; L. 2002, ch. 203, § 17; L. 2003, ch. 128, § 24; L. 2004, ch. 117, § 5; L. 2004, ch. 180, § 9; July 1.

65-2891b. Emergency care by non-health care providers; liability, standards of care applicable.

Any person who is not a health care provider pursuant to K.S.A. 2012 Supp. 65-2891, and amendments thereto, who in good faith without compensation renders emergency care or assistance to a person, including a minor without first obtaining the consent of the parent or guardian of such minor, at the scene of an emergency or accident shall not be held liable for any civil damages for acts or omissions other than damages occasioned by gross negligence or by willful or wanton acts or omissions by such person in rendering such emergency care.

History: L. 2012, ch. 116, § 1; May 24.

65-2892. Examination and treatment of persons under 18 for venereal disease; liability.

Any physician, upon consultation by any person under eighteen (18) years of age as a patient, may, with the consent of such person who is hereby granted the right of giving such consent, make a diagnostic examination for venereal disease and prescribe for and treat such person for venereal disease including prophylactic treatment for exposure to venereal disease whenever such person is suspected of having a venereal disease or contact with anyone having a venereal disease. All such examinations and treatment may be performed without the consent of, or notification to, the parent, parents, guardian or any other person having custody of such person. Any physician examining or treating such person for venereal disease may, but shall not be obligated to, in accord with his opinion of what will be most beneficial for such person, inform the spouse, parent, custodian, guardian or fiancé of such person as to the treatment given or needed without the consent of such person. Such informing shall not constitute libel or slander or a violation of the right of privacy or privilege or otherwise subject the physician to any liability whatsoever. In any such case, the physician shall incur no civil or criminal liability by reason of having made such diagnostic examination or rendered such treatment, but such immunity shall not apply to any negligent acts or omissions. The physician shall incur no civil or criminal liability by reason of any adverse reaction to medication administered, provided reasonable care has been taken to elicit from such person under eighteen (18) years of age any history of sensitivity or previous adverse reaction to the medication.

History: L. 1969, ch. 222, § 1; L. 1972, ch. 161, § 17; July 1.

65-2892a. Examination and treatment of minors for drug abuse, misuse or addiction; liability.

Any physician licensed to practice the healing arts in Kansas, upon consultation with any minor as a patient, may examine and treat such minor for drug abuse, misuse or addiction if such physician has secured the prior consent of such minor to the examination and treatment. All such examinations and treatment may be performed without the consent of any parent, guardian or other person having custody of such minor, and all minors are hereby granted the right to give consent to such examination and treatment. In any such case, the physician shall incur no civil or criminal liability by reason of having made such diagnostic examination or rendered such treatment, but such immunity shall not apply to any negligent acts or omissions. The physician shall incur no civil or criminal liability by reason of any adverse reaction to medication administered, if reasonable care has been taken.

History: L. 1971, ch. 212, § 1; July 1.

65-2893. Autopsies; performance of; authorization.

In any case of death wherein notification of the coroner is not required by K.S.A. 19-1031 and amendments thereto, or any case in which the coroner does not elect to perform an autopsy, an autopsy may be performed upon the body of a deceased person by a physician or surgeon when so authorized, in writing by the decedent during his lifetime. Additionally, unless the physician or surgeon has knowledge that contrary directions have been given by the decedent, the following persons in the order of priority stated, may consent to the performance of an autopsy:

  1. The spouse, if one survives and if not incapacitated. If no spouse survives or if the spouse is incapacitated;
  2. an adult child;
  3. either parent;
  4. an adult brother or sister;
  5. the guardian of the decedent at the time of his death;
  6. any other person or agency authorized or under obligation to dispose of the body.

If there is no surviving spouse and an adult child is not immediately available at the time of death, the autopsy may be authorized by either parent; if a parent is not immediately available, it may be authorized by any adult brother or sister: Provided, That such autopsy shall not be performed under a consent given as required by a member of the class listed in (2), (3) or (4) above, if, before such autopsy is performed, any member of the class shall object to the performance of such autopsy in writing to the physician or surgeon by whom the autopsy is to be performed.

History: L. 1969, ch. 144, § 1; July 1.

65-2894. Repealed.

History: L. 1969, ch. 299, § 19; Repealed, L. 1976, ch. 273, § 40; Feb. 13.

65-2895. Institutional license; qualifications; rights and restrictions; term of license.

  1. There is hereby created an institutional license which may be issued by the board to a person who:
    1. Is a graduate of an accredited school of medicine or osteopathic medicine or a school which has been in operation for not less than 15 years and the graduates of which have been licensed in another state or states which have standards similar to Kansas;
    2. has completed at least two years in a postgraduate training program in the United States approved by the board; and
    3. who is employed as provided in this section.
  2. Subject to the restrictions of this section, the institutional license shall confer upon the holder the right and privilege to practice medicine and surgery and shall obligate the holder to comply with all requirements of such license.
  3. The practice privileges of institutional license holders are restricted and shall be valid only during the period in which:
    1. The holder is employed by any institution within the department of social and rehabilitation services, employed by any institution within the department of corrections or employed pursuant to a contract entered into by the department of social and rehabilitation services or the department of corrections with a third party, and only within the institution to which the holder is assigned;
    2. the holder has been employed for at least three years as described in subsection (c)(1) and is employed to provide mental health services in the employ of a Kansas licensed community mental health center, or one of its contracted affiliates, or a federal, state, county or municipal agency, or other political subdivision, or a contractor of a federal, state, county or municipal agency, or other political subdivision, or a duly chartered educational institution, or a medical care facility licensed under K.S.A. 65-425 et seq, and amendments thereto, in a psychiatric hospital licensed under K.S.A. 75-3307b and amendments thereto, or a contractor of such educational institution, medical care facility or psychiatric hospital, and whose practice, in any such employment, is limited to providing mental health services, is a part of the duties of such licensee's paid position and is performed solely on behalf of the employer; or
    3. the holder has been employed for at least three years as described in subsection (c)(1) and is providing mental health services pursuant to a written protocol with a person who holds a license to practice medicine and surgery other than an institutional license.
  4. An institutional license shall be valid for a period of two years after the date of issuance and may be renewed for additional two-year periods if the applicant for renewal meets the requirements under subsection (c) of this section, has submitted an application for renewal on a form provided by the board, has paid the renewal fee established by rules and regulations of the board of not to exceed $500 and has submitted evidence of satisfactory completion of a program of continuing education required by the board. In addition, an applicant for renewal who is employed as described in subsection (c)(1) shall submit with the application for renewal a recommendation that the institutional license be renewed signed by the superintendent of the institution to which the institutional license holder is assigned.
  5. Nothing in this section shall prohibit any person who was issued an institutional license prior to the effective date of this act from having the institutional license reinstated by the board if the person meets the requirements for an institutional license described in subsection (a).
  6. This section shall be a part of and supplemental to the Kansas healing arts act.

History: L. 1969, ch. 299, § 20; L. 1976, ch. 273, § 38; L. 1985, ch. 216, § 4; L. 1987, ch. 239, § 5; L. 1987, ch. 240, § 11; L. 1988, ch. 254, § 1; L. 1989, ch. 196, § 3; L. 1997, ch. 142, § 10; L. 2000, ch. 141, § 4; L. 2004, ch. 55, § 1; April 15.

65-2896. Repealed.

History: L. 1972, ch. 294, § 1; L. 1973, ch. 315, § 1; L. 1975, ch. 327, § 1; L. 1978, ch. 254, § 2; L. 1987, ch. 240, § 12; L. 1989, ch. 197, § 1; L. 1997, ch. 94, § 3; Repealed, L. 2000, ch. 162, § 27; Feb. 1, 2001.

65-2897. Repealed.

History: L. 1973, ch. 315, § 2; Repealed, L. 1978, ch. 254, § 11; July 1.

65-2898. Immunity from liability in civil actions for reporting, communicating and investigating certain information concerning alleged malpractice incidents and other information; conditions.

  1. No person reporting to the state board of healing arts in good faith any information such person may have relating to alleged incidents of malpractice, or the qualifications, fitness or character of, or disciplinary action taken against, a person licensed, registered or certified by the board shall be subject to a civil action for damages as a result of reporting such information.
  2. Any state, regional or local association composed of persons licensed to practice a branch of the healing arts and the individual members of any committee thereof, which in good faith investigates or communicates information pertaining to the alleged incidents of malpractice, or the qualifications, fitness or character of, or disciplinary action taken against, any licensee, registrant or certificate holder to the state board of healing arts or to any committee or agent thereof, shall be immune from liability in any civil action, that is based upon such investigation or transmittal of information if the investigation and communication was made in good faith and did not represent as true any matter not reasonably believed to be true.

History: L. 1976, ch. 261, § 1; L. 1979, ch. 201, § 1; L. 1983, ch. 213, § 9; July 1.

65-2898a. Confidentiality of complaints and reports relating thereto; disclosure, when.

  1. Any complaint or report, record or other information relating to a complaint which is received, obtained or maintained by the board shall be confidential and shall not be disclosed by the board or its employees in a manner which identifies or enables identification of the person who is the subject or source of the information except the information may be disclosed:
    1. In any proceeding conducted by the board under the law or in an appeal of an order of the board entered in a proceeding, or to any party to a proceeding or appeal or the party's attorney;
    2. to a hospital committee which is authorized to grant, limit or deny hospital privileges, if any disciplinary action authorized by K.S.A. 65-2836 and amendments thereto has at any time been taken against the licensee or if the board has at any time denied a license to the person;
    3. to the person who is the subject of the information or to any person or entity when requested by the person who is the subject of the information, but the board may require disclosure in such a manner that will prevent identification of any other person who is the subject or source of the information; or
    4. to a state or federal licensing, regulatory or enforcement agency with jurisdiction over the subject of the information or to an agency with jurisdiction over acts or conduct similar to acts or conduct which would constitute grounds for action under this act. Any confidential complaint or report, record or other information disclosed by the board as authorized by this section shall not be redisclosed by the receiving agency except as otherwise authorized by law.
  2. This section shall be part of and supplemental to the Kansas healing arts act.

History: L. 1979, ch. 198, § 9; L. 1986, ch. 229, § 45; L. 1992, ch. 253, § 4; July 1.

65-2899. Certification of licensed dentists to administer anesthetics to facilitate medical procedures; suspension or revocation of certificate; procedure.

A dentist licensed in accordance with the provisions of article 14 of chapter 65 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated shall be certified by the board of healing arts to administer general and local anesthetics to facilitate medical procedures conducted by a person licensed to practice medicine and surgery if such dentist has completed a course of study and residency program in anesthesia from the university of Kansas school of medicine and if such dentist has received a certificate attesting to the successful completion of such course of study and residency program. The board of healing arts may limit, suspend or revoke such certification if a person so certified is found to have committed any of the acts enumerated in K.S.A. 65-2836, and amendments thereto, where applicable. The procedure for limitation, suspension or revocation of such certification shall be in accordance with the provisions of the Kansas administrative procedure act.

History: L. 1976, ch. 276, § 1; L. 1984, ch. 313, § 123; July 1, 1985.

65-28,100. Temporary license for visiting professor; designation; qualifications; application; rights conferred; validity of license; section supplemental.

  1. There is hereby created a designation of visiting professor temporary license which may be issued by the board to a person who holds a degree from an accredited school of medicine or an accredited school of osteopathy; is licensed to practice medicine and surgery in another state, territory, the District of Columbia or another country; and is employed by the university of Kansas school of medicine or by a licensed medical care facility which is engaged in the education of medical students, nurses, physicians' assistants or other paramedical personnel, is offering an approved postgraduate program or is engaged in the continuing education of its medical personnel. The chief administrative officer of the university of Kansas school of medicine or of the licensed medical care facility shall apply to the board on behalf of the visiting professor a visiting professor temporary license. The application for a visiting professor temporary license shall be submitted by the chief administrative officer upon forms approved by the board. Such application shall state that the visiting professor is licensed to practice medicine and surgery in another state, territory, the District of Columbia or another country, that the professor is known to be professionally qualified and that no fee will be charged for services of the visiting professor. The visiting professor temporary license shall confer upon the holder the right and privilege to practice medicine and surgery and shall obligate the holder to comply with all requirements of such license. The visiting professor temporary license shall be valid only during the period in which the holder is employed by the university of Kansas school of medicine or by a licensed medical care facility described above, and such license shall be valid only for the practice of medicine and surgery which is required to perform the professorship.
  2. This section shall be a part of and supplemental to the Kansas healing arts act.

History: L. 1976, ch. 273, § 39; L. 1987, ch. 240, § 14; Jan. 1, 1988.

65-28,101. Withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining procedures; legislative finding and declaration.

The legislature finds that adult persons have the fundamental right to control the decisions relating to the rendering of their own medical care, including the decision to have life-sustaining procedures withheld or withdrawn in instances of a terminal condition.

In order that the rights of patients may be respected even after they are no longer able to participate actively in decisions about themselves, the legislature hereby declares that the laws of this state shall recognize the right of an adult person to make a written declaration instructing his or her physician to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining procedures in the event of a terminal condition.

History: L. 1979, ch. 199, § 1; July 1.

65-28,102. Same; definitions. As used in this act:

  1. "Attending physician" means the physician selected by, or assigned to, the patient who has primary responsibility for the treatment and care of the patient.
  2. "Declaration" means a witnessed document in writing, voluntarily executed by the declarant in accordance with the requirements of K.S.A. 65-28,103.
  3. "Life-sustaining procedure" means any medical procedure or intervention which, when applied to a qualified patient, would serve only to prolong the dying process and where, in the judgment of the attending physician, death will occur whether or not such procedure or intervention is utilized. "Life-sustaining procedure" shall not include the administration of medication or the performance of any medical procedure deemed necessary to provide comfort care or to alleviate pain.
  4. "Physician" means a person licensed to practice medicine and surgery by the state board of healing arts.
  5. "Qualified patient" means a patient who has executed a declaration in accordance with this act and who has been diagnosed and certified in writing to be afflicted with a terminal condition by two physicians who have personally examined the patient, one of whom shall be the attending physician.

History: L. 1979, ch. 199, § 2; July 1.

65-28,103. Same; declaration authorizing; effect during pregnancy of qualified patient; duty to notify attending physician; form of declaration; severability of directions.

  1. Any adult person may execute a declaration directing the withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining procedures in a terminal condition. The declaration made pursuant to this act shall be:
    1. In writing;
    2. signed by the person making the declaration, or by another person in the declarant's presence and by the declarant's expressed direction;
    3. dated; and
    4.  
      1. signed in the presence of two or more witnesses at least 18 years of age neither of whom shall be the person who signed the declaration on behalf of and at the direction of the person making the declaration, related to the declarant by blood or marriage, entitled to any portion of the estate of the declarant according to the laws of intestate succession of this state or under any will of the declarant or codicil thereto, or directly financially responsible for declarant's medical care; or
      2. acknowledged before a notary public. The declaration of a qualified patient diagnosed as pregnant by the attending physician shall have no effect during the course of the qualified patient's pregnancy.
  2. It shall be the responsibility of declarant to provide for notification to the declarant's attending physician of the existence of the declaration. An attending physician who is so notified shall make the declaration, or a copy of the declaration, a part of the declarant's medical records.
  3. The declaration shall be substantially in the following form, but in addition may include other specific directions. Should any of the other specific directions be held to be invalid, such invalidity shall not affect other directions of the declaration which can be given effect without the invalid direction, and to this end the directions in the declaration are severable.

DECLARATION

Declaration made this ___________ day of ______ (month, year). I, _____________, being of sound mind, willfully and voluntarily make known my desire that my dying shall not be artificially prolonged under the circumstances set forth below, do hereby declare:

If at any time I should have an incurable injury, disease, or illness certified to be a terminal condition by two physicians who have personally examined me, one of whom shall be my attending physician, and the physicians have determined that my death will occur whether or not life-sustaining procedures are utilized and where the application of life-sustaining procedures would serve only to artificially prolong the dying process, I direct that such procedures be withheld or withdrawn, and that I be permitted to die naturally with only the administration of medication or the performance of any medical procedure deemed necessary to provide me with comfort care.

In the absence of my ability to give directions regarding the use of such life-sustaining procedures, it is my intention that this declaration shall be honored by my family and physician(s) as the final expression of my legal right to refuse medical or surgical treatment and accept the consequences from such refusal.

I understand the full import of this declaration and I am emotionally and mentally competent to make this declaration.

Signed ____________________________________
City, County and State

of Residence ______________________________

The declarant has been personally known to me and I believe the declarant to be of sound mind. I did not sign the declarant's signature above for or at the direction of the declarant. I am not related to the declarant by blood or marriage, entitled to any portion of the estate of the declarant according to the laws of intestate succession or under any will of declarant or codicil thereto, or directly financially responsible for declarant's medical care.

Witness ___________________________________________ Witness ___________________________________________

(OR)

STATE OF ______________________      )
_______________________________      ss.
COUNTY OF ____________________      )

This instrument was acknowledged before me on ________ (date) by ______________________ (name of person)

 

____________________________________________________
(Signature of notary public)

(Seal, if any)

 

My appointment expires: ________________________

 

Copies

History: L. 1979, ch. 199, § 3; L. 1994, ch. 224, § 2; July 1.

65-28,104. Same; revocation of declaration.

  1. A declaration may be revoked at any time by the declarant by any of the following methods:
    1. By being obliterated, burnt, torn, or otherwise destroyed or defaced in a manner indicating intention to cancel;
    2. by a written revocation of the declaration signed and dated by the declarant or person acting at the direction of the declarant; or
    3. by a verbal expression of the intent to revoke the declaration, in the presence of a witness eighteen (18) years of age or older who signs and dates a writing confirming that such expression of intent was made. Any verbal revocation shall become effective upon receipt by the attending physician of the above mentioned writing. The attending physician shall record in the patient's medical record the time, date and place of when he or she received notification of the revocation.
  2. There shall be no criminal or civil liability on the part of any person for failure to act upon a revocation made pursuant to this section unless that person has actual knowledge of the revocation.

History: L. 1979, ch. 199, § 4; July 1.

65-28,105. Same; written certification and confirmation of declarant's terminal condition; effect of failure to comply.

An attending physician who has been notified of the existence of a declaration executed under this act, without delay after the diagnosis of a terminal condition of the declarant, shall take the necessary steps to provide for written certification and confirmation of the declarant's terminal condition, so that declarant may be deemed to be a qualified patient under this act.

An attending physician who fails to comply with this section shall be deemed to have refused to comply with the declaration and shall be subject to subsection (a) of K.S.A. 65-28,107.

History: L. 1979, ch. 199, § 5; July 1.

65-28,106. Same; desires of qualified patient supersede declaration; presumptions relating to declaration; immunity from civil or criminal liability for persons acting pursuant to declaration.

The desires of a qualified patient shall at all times supersede the effect of the declaration.

If the qualified patient is incompetent at the time of the decision to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining procedures, a declaration executed in accordance with K.S.A. 65-28,103 is presumed to be valid. For the purpose of this act, a physician or medical care facility may presume in the absence of actual notice to the contrary that an individual who executed a declaration was of sound mind when it was executed. The fact of an individual's having executed a declaration shall not be considered as an indication of a declarant's mental incompetency. Age of itself shall not be a bar to a determination of competency.

No physician, licensed health care professional, medical care facility or employee thereof who in good faith and pursuant to reasonable medical standards causes or participates in the withholding or withdrawing of life-sustaining procedures from a qualified patient pursuant to a declaration made in accordance with this act shall, as a result thereof, be subject to criminal or civil liability, or be found to have committed an act of unprofessional conduct.

History: L. 1979, ch. 199, § 6; July 1.

65-28,107. Same; attending physician's refusal to comply with declaration of qualified patient; transfer of patient; unprofessional conduct; unlawful acts.

  1. An attending physician who refuses to comply with the declaration of a qualified patient pursuant to this act shall effect the transfer of the qualified patient to another physician. Failure of an attending physician to comply with the declaration of a qualified patient and to effect the transfer of the qualified patient shall constitute unprofessional conduct as defined in K.S.A. 65-2837, and amendments thereto.
  2. Any person who willfully conceals, cancels, defaces, obliterates or damages the declaration of another without such declarant's consent or who falsifies or forges a revocation of the declaration of another shall be guilty of a class A person misdemeanor.
  3. Any person who falsifies or forges the declaration of another, or willfully conceals or withholds personal knowledge of the revocation of a declaration, with the intent to cause a withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining procedures contrary to the wishes of the declarant, and thereby, because of such act, directly causes life-sustaining procedures to be withheld or withdrawn and death to be hastened, shall be guilty of a severity level 7 person felony.

History: L. 1979, ch. 199, § 7; L. 2007, ch. 198, § 10; May 24.

65-28,108. Same; construction and effect of act.

  1. The withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining procedures from a qualified patient in accordance with the provisions of this act shall not, for any purpose, constitute a suicide and shall not constitute the crime of assisting suicide as defined in K.S.A. 2011 Supp. 21-5407, and amendments thereto.
  2. The making of a declaration pursuant to K.S.A. 65-28,103, and amendments thereto, shall not affect in any manner the sale, procurement, or issuance of any policy of life insurance, nor shall it be deemed to modify the terms of an existing policy of life insurance. No policy of life insurance shall be legally impaired or invalidated in any manner by the withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining procedures from an insured qualified patient, notwithstanding any term of the policy to the contrary.
  3. No physician, medical care facility, or other health care provider, and no health care service plan, health maintenance organization, insurer issuing disability insurance, self-insured employee welfare benefit plan or nonprofit medical and hospital service corporation shall require any person to execute a declaration as a condition for being insured for, or receiving, health care services.
  4. Nothing in this act shall impair or supersede any legal right or legal responsibility which any person may have to effect the withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining procedures in any lawful manner. In such respect the provisions of this act are cumulative.
  5. This act shall create no presumption concerning the intention of an individual who has not executed a declaration to consent to the use or withholding of life-sustaining procedures in the event of a terminal condition.

History: L. 1979, ch. 199, § 8; L. 1997, ch. 8, § 13; L. 2011, ch. 30, § 243; July 1.

65-28,109. Same; act not to be construed to condone or approve mercy killing or to permit other than natural process of dying.

Nothing in this act shall be construed to condone, authorize or approve mercy killing or to permit any affirmative or deliberate act or omission to end life other than to permit the natural process of dying as provided in this act.

History: L. 1979, ch. 199, § 9; July 1.

65-28,110 to 65-28,120. Reserved.

65-28,121. Reports by hospitals and others; administrative fines for failure to report.

  1. Subject to the provisions of subsection (c) of K.S.A. 65-4923, and amendments thereto, a medical care facility licensed under K.S.A. 65-425 et seq., and amendments thereto, shall, and any person may, report under oath to the state board of healing arts any information such facility or person has which appears to show that a person licensed to practice the healing arts has committed an act which may be a ground for disciplinary action pursuant to K.S.A. 65-2836, and amendments thereto.
  2. A medical care facility shall inform the state board of healing arts whenever the practice privileges of any person licensed to practice the healing arts are terminated, suspended or restricted or whenever such privileges are voluntarily surrendered or limited for reasons relating to such person's professional competence.
  3. Any medical care facility which fails to report within 30 days after the receipt of information required to be reported by this section shall be reported by the state board of healing arts to the secretary of health and environment and shall be subject, after proper notice and an opportunity to be heard, to a civil fine assessed by the secretary of health and environment in an amount not exceeding $1,000 per day for each day thereafter that the incident is not reported. All fines assessed and collected under this section shall be remitted to the state treasurer in accordance with the provisions of K.S.A. 75-4215, and amendments thereto. Upon receipt of each such remittance, the state treasurer shall deposit the entire amount in the state treasury to the credit of the state general fund.

History: L. 1983, ch. 213, § 2; L. 1986, ch. 229, § 46; L. 1988, ch. 255, § 1; L. 2001, ch. 5, § 240; July 1.

65-28,122. Person licensed to practice healing arts required to report knowledge of violation of 65-2836 to state board of healing arts.

  1. Subject to the provisions of subsection (c) of K.S.A. 65-4923, any person licensed to practice the healing arts who possesses knowledge not subject to the physician-patient privilege that another person so licensed has committed any act enumerated under K.S.A. 65-2836 and amendments thereto which may be a ground for disciplinary action pursuant to K.S.A. 65-2836 and amendments thereto shall immediately report such knowledge, under oath, to the state board of healing arts. A person licensed to practice the healing arts who possesses such knowledge shall reveal fully such knowledge upon official request of the state board of healing arts.
  2. This section shall be part of and supplemental to the Kansas healing arts act.

History: L. 1983, ch. 213, § 4; L. 1986, ch. 229, § 47; July 1.

65-28,123. Temporary education license; issuance; qualifications; conditions; fee.

  1. There is hereby created a designation of temporary education license. This license may be issued by the board to any person who:
    1. Holds a degree from an accredited school of medicine or an accredited school of osteopathy;
    2. is licensed to practice medicine and surgery in another state, territory, the District of Columbia or another country; and
    3. is enrolled in a continuing medical education program conducted by the University of Kansas school of medicine or other continuing medical education program offered by a medical care facility affiliated with the university of Kansas school of medicine or offered by a medical care facility which is an accredited osteopathic hospital.
  2. The chief administrative officer of the university of Kansas school of medicine or of the medical care facility shall apply to the state board of healing arts on behalf of the person seeking a temporary education license upon forms approved by the board.
  3. The temporary education license shall confer upon the holder the right and privilege to practice medicine and surgery and shall obligate the holder to comply with all requirements of such license but no fee may be charged for the services of the holder. A person who holds a temporary education license under this section shall be subject to the provisions of the health care provider insurance availability act.
  4. The temporary education license shall be valid only during the period in which the holder is enrolled in a continuing medical education program offered by the university of Kansas school of medicine or other continuing medical education program offered by a medical care facility affiliated with the university of Kansas school of medicine or offered by a medical care facility which is an accredited osteopathic hospital, and such license shall be valid only for the practice of medicine and surgery required to fulfill the requirements of the continuing medical education program.
  5. The fee for a temporary education license shall be $25.
  6. This section shall be part of and supplemental to the Kansas healing arts act.

History: L. 1989, ch. 183, § 1; May 18.

65-28,124. Visiting clinical professor license; issuance; qualifications; practice limitations; renewal; continuing education.

  1. There is hereby created a designation of visiting clinical professor license which may be issued by the board to a person who is qualified for a license for the practice of medicine and surgery on an active basis under the Kansas healing arts act. The application for a visiting clinical professor license shall be made to the board upon forms approved by the board and shall be accompanied with a statement from the chief administrative officer of the university of Kansas school of medicine at the university of Kansas medical center stating that the person is under contract with the university of Kansas medical center or one of the affiliated private practice foundations of the university of Kansas medical center to provide patient care and clinical teaching at the university of Kansas medical center or at one of the affiliated private practice foundations at the university of Kansas medical center and that the information on the application has been verified to be correct. Application for a visiting clinical professor license and for any renewal or reinstatement thereof shall be also accompanied by proof that the person has the professional liability insurance that would be required if the person were defined as a health care provider by subsection (f) of K.S.A. 40-3401 and amendments thereto in an amount of not less than the basic coverage specified under subsection (a) of K.S.A. 40-3402 and amendments thereto plus an amount of not less than the amount specified under OPTION 3 of subsection (l) of K.S.A. 40-3403 and amendments thereto, and by an affidavit that the person will maintain this professional liability insurance during the time that the visiting clinical professor license is valid. A visiting clinical professor license shall be valid only for the practice of medicine and surgery at the university of Kansas medical center or at one of the affiliated private practice foundations at the university of Kansas medical center. Physicians who are defined as full time physician faculty employed by the university of Kansas medical center under subsection (s) of K.S.A. 40-3401 and amendments thereto are not eligible for a visiting clinical professor license.
  2. The provisions of subsections (a), (d) and (e) of K.S.A. 65-2809 and amendments thereto relating to expiration and renewal of a license and the provisions of subsection (b) of K.S.A. 65-2809 and amendments thereto relating to continuing education requirements shall be applicable to a visiting clinical professor license issued under this section.
  3. This section shall be a part of and supplemental to the Kansas healing arts act.

History: L. 1992, ch. 156, § 1; April 30.

65-28,125. Limited permit to practice a branch of the healing arts; issuance; qualifications; practice limitations; renewal.

  1. There is hereby created a designation of limited permit to practice a branch of the healing arts which may be issued by the board to a person who holds a degree from a healing arts school; is duly licensed and in good standing to practice the same branch of the healing arts in another state, territory, or the District of Columbia; has made proper application upon forms provided by the board; has paid the prescribed fee established under K.S.A. 65-2852 and amendments thereto; has not previously been licensed in this state; and will provide professional services in this state only as a charitable health care provider as defined under K.S.A. 75-6102 and amendments thereto.
  2. The limited permit issued under subsection (a), when issued, shall authorize the person receiving the permit to practice the appropriate branch of the healing arts as a charitable health care provider but shall not authorize the person receiving the permit to otherwise engage in the practice of the healing arts in this state.
  3. The provisions of subsections (a), (d) and (e) of K.S.A. 65-2809 and amendments thereto relating to expiration, renewal and reinstatement of a license shall be applicable to a limited permit issued under this section.
  4. This section shall be a part of and supplemental to the Kansas healing arts act.

History: L. 1995, ch. 82, § 5; July 1.

65-28,126. Changes in licensee's mailing address; notice to board; penalties.

  1. It shall be the duty of each licensee to notify the state board of healing arts in writing within 30 days of any changes in licensee's mailing address.
  2. A penalty in the amount not to exceed $100 for the first violation of subsection (a) and $150 for each subsequent violation of subsection (a) may be assessed by the state board of healing arts under the provisions of K.S.A. 65-2863a and amendments thereto.
  3. This section shall be part of and supplemental to the Kansas healing arts act.

History: L. 1995, ch. 82, § 6; July 1.

65-28,127. Licensees who direct, supervise, order, refer, accept responsibility for, enter into practice protocols with or delegate acts which constitute practice of healing arts to others; requirements and limitations; construction of section.

  1. Every responsible licensee who directs, supervises, orders, refers, accepts responsibility for, enters into practice protocols with, or who delegates acts which constitute the practice of the healing arts to other persons shall:
    1. Be actively engaged in the practice of the healing arts in Kansas;
    2. review and keep current any required practice protocols between the responsible licensee and such persons, as may be determined by the board;
    3. direct, supervise, order, refer, enter into a practice protocol with, or delegate to such persons only those acts and functions which the responsible licensee knows or has reason to believe can be competently performed by such person and is not in violation of any other statute or regulation;
    4. direct, supervise, order, refer, enter into a practice protocol with, or delegate to other persons only those acts and functions which are within the normal and customary specialty, competence and lawful practice of the responsible licensee;
    5. provide for a qualified, substitute licensee who accepts responsibility for the direction, supervision, delegation and practice protocols with such persons when the responsible licensee is temporarily absent;
    6. comply with all rules and regulations of the board establishing limits and conditions on the delegation and supervision of services constituting the practice of medicine and surgery.
  2. "Responsible licensee" means a person licensed by the state board of healing arts to practice medicine and surgery or chiropractic who has accepted responsibility for the actions of persons who perform acts pursuant to practice protocols with, or at the order of, or referral, direction, supervision or delegation from such responsible licensee.
  3. Except as otherwise provided by rules and regulations of the board implementing this section, the physician assistant licensure act shall govern the direction and supervision of physician assistants by persons licensed by the state board of healing arts to practice medicine and surgery.
  4. Nothing in subsection (a)(4) shall be construed to prohibit a person licensed to practice medicine and surgery from ordering, authorizing or directing anesthesia care by a registered nurse anesthetist pursuant to K.S.A. 65-1158 and amendments thereto.
  5. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a person licensed to practice medicine and surgery from ordering, authorizing or directing physical therapy services pursuant to K.S.A. 65-2901 et seq. and amendments thereto.
  6. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a person licensed to practice medicine and surgery from entering into a co-management relationship with an optometrist pursuant to K.S.A. 65-1501 et seq. and amendments thereto.
  7. The board may adopt rules and regulations establishing limits and conditions on the delegation and supervision of services constituting the practice of medicine and surgery.
  8. This section shall be part of and supplemental to the Kansas healing arts act.

History: L. 1998, ch. 170, § 1; L. 2000, ch. 162, § 20; L. 2004, ch. 117, § 6; L. 2009, ch. 133, § 2; July 1.

65-28,128. Abandonment of health care records; court jurisdiction; procedure; appointment of custodian of records, authority and duties, liability, physician-patient privilege; access to records.

  1. As used in this section:
    1. "Health care provider" means a person licensed to practice any branch of the healing arts by the state board of healing arts, a podiatrist licensed by the state board of healing arts, a professional corporation organized pursuant to the professional corporation law of Kansas by persons who are authorized by such law to form such a corporation and who are health care providers as defined by this subsection, a Kansas limited liability company organized for the purpose of rendering professional services by its members who are health care providers as defined by this subsection and who are legally authorized to render the professional services for which the limited liability company is organized, a partnership of persons who are health care providers under this subsection, a Kansas not-for-profit corporation organized for the purpose of rendering professional services by persons who are health care providers as defined by this subsection.
    2. "Board" means the state board of healing arts.
  2. The board shall immediately petition the court for appointment of a custodian of a health care provider's health care records if the board is notified or has independent knowledge that a health care provider:
    1. Has abandoned health care records, abandoned the health care provider's practice, had the health care provider's license suspended or revoked, had a license canceled or dissolved a business entity and the health care provider is unable or refuses to allow patients access to their health care records as authorized by law or
    2. has died and the health care provider's patients are unable to access their health care records as authorized by law. The petition shall nominate a person or business entity who is capable and willing to serve as the custodian of health care records. The district court shall expedite an action brought by the board. The court's findings may be made solely on a review of the documentation or affidavits attached to the petition and without hearing any testimonial evidence. The district court's review may be made ex parte without delay or notice of any kind. An appellate court shall expedite review of a district court's findings as provided in this section.
  3. Notice of hearing on the petition shall be served on the health care provider at the last known address and if the health care provider is a business entity, on the registered agent of such business entity. If the health care provider has died and an administrator of the estate has been appointed, notice shall be served on such administrator. Notice shall be served as in civil cases.
  4. At the hearing, if the court finds the health care records have been abandoned, the court shall appoint a person or business entity as the custodian of the health care records and responsible for the safekeeping thereof, and shall order the delivery and possession of the health care records to the appointed custodian of health care records. The court may make all additional orders necessary to protect the health care provider's property interests in the records.
  5. The record's custodian:
    1. Shall be a fiduciary and act in the place of the health care provider to furnish to the patient or the patient's authorized representative copies of health care records, pursuant to K.S.A. 65-4970 through 65-4973, and amendments thereto, and shall be authorized to collect any fee for disclosure authorized by K.S.A. 65-4971, and amendments thereto;
    2. shall have exclusive possession of the health care records until further order of the court;
    3. may destroy the records in the ordinary course of business when the health care provider's duty to maintain such records has ceased;
    4. shall act in the place of the health care provider to maintain confidentiality of records and shall be liable if the custodian maliciously breeches the confidentiality;
    5. shall not guarantee or be liable for the accuracy or completeness of the health care records;
    6. shall not be liable in a civil action for damages or other relief arising from the performance of the responsibilities set forth in this section except upon clear and convincing evidence that the custodian of records maliciously altered or destroyed health care records; and
    7. shall act as the health care provider for the purposes of physician-patient privilege, pursuant to K.S.A. 60-427, and amendments thereto, and shall assert any privilege acting as the physician.
  6. At any time after the appointment of a custodian, the health care provider, administrator of the health care provider's estate or board may petition the court to amend, modify or dissolve the order concerning the custodian of health care records. The court shall amend the order when it reasonably appears the health care provider or administrator of the health care provider's estate is prepared to assume the duties of the health care provider relating to the records.
  7. Nothing in this act shall prohibit the health care provider or the health care provider's authorized representative from gaining access and copying a record created by the health care provider.
  8. This section shall be part of and supplemental to the Kansas healing arts act.

History: L. 2004, ch. 117, § 1; L. 2009, ch. 133, § 3; July 1.

65-28,129. State board of healing arts; fingerprinting and criminal history.

  1. As part of an original application for or reinstatement of any license, registration, permit or certificate or in connection with any investigation of any holder of a license, registration, permit or certificate, the state board of healing arts may require a person to be fingerprinted and submit to a state and national criminal history record check. The fingerprints shall be used to identify the person and to determine whether the person has a record of criminal history in this state or other jurisdiction. The state board of healing arts is authorized to submit the fingerprints to the Kansas bureau of investigation and the federal bureau of investigation for a state and national criminal history record check. The state board of healing arts may use the information obtained from fingerprinting and the criminal history for purposes of verifying the identification of the person and in the official determination of the qualifications and fitness of the person to be issued or to maintain a license, registration, permit or certificate.
  2. Local and state law enforcement officers and agencies shall assist the state board of healing arts in taking and processing of fingerprints of applicants for and holders of any license, registration, permit or certificate and shall release all records of adult convictions and nonconvictions and adult convictions or adjudications of another state or country to the state board of healing arts.
  3. The state board of healing arts may fix and collect a fee as may be required by the board in an amount necessary to reimburse the board for the cost of fingerprinting and the criminal history record check. Any moneys collected under this subsection shall be deposited in the state treasury and credited to the healing arts fee fund.
  4. This section shall be part of and supplemental to the Kansas healing arts act.

History: L. 2008, ch. 154, § 2; July 1.

65-28,130. Same; graduated sanctions; reference guide.

  1. The board shall adopt a formal list of graduated sanctions for violations of the Kansas healing arts act which may be used by the board as a reference guide for the imposition of each level of sanction.
  2. This section shall be part of and supplemental to the Kansas healing arts act.

History: L. 2008, ch. 154, § 3; July 1.

65-28,131. Same; website; licensee information.

  1. On and after July 1, 2010, the board shall make available on a searchable website which shall be accessible by the public, the following information regarding licensees:
    1. The licensee's full name, business address, telephone number, license number, type, status and expiration date;
    2. the licensee's practice specialty, if any, and board certifications, if any;
    3. any public disciplinary action taken against the licensee by the board or by the licensing agency of any state or other country in which the licensee is currently licensed or has been licensed in the past;
    4. any involuntary limitation, denial, revocation or suspension of the licensee's staff membership or clinical privileges at any hospital or other health care facility, and the name of the hospital or facility, the date the action was taken, a description of the action, including any terms and conditions of the action and whether the licensee has fulfilled the conditions of the action;
    5. any involuntary surrender of the licensee's drug enforcement administration registration; and
    6. any final criminal conviction or plea arrangement resulting from the commission or alleged commission of a felony in any state or country.
  2. Any person applying for an active license, including a renewal or reinstatement license, shall provide the information required in subsection (a) on forms or in a manner determined by the board by rule and regulation.
  3. At the time of licensure or renewal, a licensee may add a statement to such licensee's profile as it appears on the website created herein. Such statement may provide further explanation of any disciplinary information contained in such licensee's profile.
  4. This section shall be part of and supplemental to the healing arts act.

History: L. 2008, ch. 154, § 4; July 1.

65-28,132. Medical records maintenance trust fund; authorized uses of moneys credited to fund; rules and regulations.

  1. For the purpose of paying for storage, maintenance and transfer of medical records by the board of healing arts, there is hereby established the medical record maintenance trust fund. All payments and disbursements from the medical records maintenance trust fund shall be made upon warrants of the director of accounts and reports issued pursuant to vouchers approved by the executive director of the board or by any person designated by the board.
  2. The board may certify to the director of accounts and reports that a specific amount, but not more than $10, of each fee for the issuance or renewal of a license be credited to the medical records maintenance trust fund until such time the balance exceeds $100,000. At any time the balance in the medical records trust fund falls below $100,000, the board shall certify again to the director of accounts and reports that a specific amount, but not to exceed $10, of each fee for the issuance or renewal of a license be deposited in the state treasury and credited to the medical records maintenance trust fund. The board may order a licensee to reimburse the amount of expenses incurred by the board in a case when such licensee failed to designate a custodian or provide for the storage, maintenance, transfer and access to such licensee's medical records upon becoming inactive. Upon receipt of each such remittance, the state treasurer shall deposit the entire amount in the state treasury to the credit of the medical records maintenance trust fund.
  3. On or before the 10th day of each month, the director of accounts and reports shall transfer from the state general fund to the medical records maintenance trust fund interest earnings based on: (1) The average daily balance of moneys in the medical records maintenance trust fund for the preceding month; and (2) the net earnings rate of the pooled money investment portfolio for the preceding month.
  4. The board of healing arts shall adopt rules and regulations establishing the procedures and standards necessary to implement the provisions of this section within one year of the effective date of this section.
  5. This section shall be part of and supplemental to the Kansas healing arts act.

History: L. 2009, ch. 133, § 1; July 1.